Oven-Baked Beans

Total Time

Prep: 70 min. + standing Bake: 2-1/2 hours


10 servings

Updated: Jun. 27, 2023
"MY AUNT baked her beans in a old earthenware crock in the wood stove. She'd stir them periodically with a big wooden spoon. Each time she opened the oven door, the aroma seemed richer and richer!"


  • 2 cups dried navy beans
  • 8 cups cold water
  • 1 teaspoon salt, divided
  • 2/3 cup packed brown sugar
  • 1 teaspoon ground mustard
  • 1/2 cup dark molasses
  • 1/4 teaspoon pepper
  • 1/4 pound salt pork, cut up
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped onion
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped celery
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped green pepper


  1. Rinse beans; place in a Dutch oven with cold water. Bring to a boil; reduce heat and simmer for 2 minutes. Remove from the heat; cover and let stand for 1 hour. (Or, omit boiling and soak beans in water overnight.) Add 1/2 teaspoon salt to beans and soaking water. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer, covered, for 1 hour.
  2. Drain, reserving cooking liquid. Combine the brown sugar, mustard, molasses, pepper and remaining salt. Stir in 2 cups reserved cooking liquid; add to beans with salt pork, onion, celery and green pepper. Spoon into 2-1/2-qt. baking dish.
  3. Cover and bake at 325° for 2-1/2 hours or until beans reach desired thickness, stirring occasionally. Add more cooking liquid if necessary.