Our Guide to How to Carve a Pumpkin

Updated: Mar. 25, 2024

No matter how you cut it, these methods for how to carve a pumpkin this Halloween are easy-peasy.

There’s a reason why jack-o’-lanterns are a Halloween favorite. Pumpkin carving is a creative activity that can keep kids of all ages entertained, plus it’s a fun way to decorate your home for the spooky season! To help get you started, we’re sharing ideas for easy pumpkin carving including stenciling, drilling and cutting jack-o’-lanterns, plus the best tips for how to carve a pumpkin.

Don’t feel like carving this year? Here are some painted pumpkin ideas you can make instead.

Basic Steps for How to Carve a Pumpkin

No matter which pumpkin carving method you choose, follow steps 1-5 to prep your pumpkins.

What You’ll Need


Step 1: Choose a pumpkin that is an appropriate size and shape for the design you plan to carve. Tall pumpkins may lend themselves better to faces. For designs with lots of cutouts, go for large, round pumpkins with smooth surfaces. And you always want to look for a pumpkin with a flat bottom that will sit upright. Here are some more tips for picking out the perfect pumpkin.

Step 2: Wipe the pumpkin clean with a soft damp cloth and dry.

Step 3: Draw a circle for the lid with a V-shaped notch at the back. This notch will serve as a guide to replace the lid.

Step 4: Draw an opening on the bottom of your pumpkin if you want to place it over a candle. Be sure to draw the opening large enough so that it will be easy to reach inside and scoop out the contents when cut.

Step 5: This step is for the adults! Cut along the drawn lines for the lid or bottom opening with a sharp paring knife. If cutting a lid, angle the blade toward the center of the pumpkin to create a ledge that supports the lid. If cutting a bottom, cut straight into the pumpkin.

Step 5: Scoop out the seeds and strings from inside the pumpkin. Use a large spoon, ice cream scoop or the plastic scraper scoop that is made for this purpose. Scrape the inner pulp away from the area of the pumpkin that you plan to carve until the pumpkin wall is approximately 1 inch thick.

Editor’s Tip: Don’t toss those seeds! Learn how to make roasted pumpkin seeds, October’s favorite snack.

Step 6: Next, sketch out the shape or jack-o’-lantern face that you want to carve into your pumpkin with a pen or dull pencil.

Step 7: Grab your pumpkin carving tool set or paring knife and get to work! If an older child wants to help, the saw is much safer than a knife but still requires adult supervision.

As you carve, keep your tool at a 90-degree angle and push the pieces into the pumpkin, where you’ll grab them when you’re all done carving.

Step 8: Insert a short column candle, votive or battery-operated light in the pumpkin. If the candle is not in a holder, form a holder from aluminum foil and secure the candle with a few drops of melted wax.

Editor’s Tip: If candle smoke blackens the lid, cut a chimney hole in the lid to vent the smoke and preserve your design.

Step 9: Enjoy your beautifully lit and freshly carved pumpkin!

Are you bored of decorating with pumpkins? Here learn how to carve a pineapple for Halloween.

How to Carve a Pumpkin with a Stencil

young woman stenciling a pumpkinChristopher Kimmel/Getty Images

For this method, you can use a stencil from a kit or print out your own outline. We’ve rounded up a ton of pumpkin carving stencils you can print out for free!

What You’ll Need


Before starting, cut a lid or hole in the bottom of the pumpkin and remove the pumpkin seeds.

Step 1: Decide which patterns you want to use and print them out to the right size for your pumpkin.

Step 2: Tape the patterns to the pumpkin.

Step 3: To transfer the patterns to the pumpkin, use a pushpin, corsage pin or the tip of the poker tool to poke holes through the paper and into the pumpkin along the design lines, about 1/16 inch to 1/8 inch apart. Make sure all of the lines have been transferred. Remove paper and use a pen or dull-point pencil to connect the dots. Save the paper patterns to refer to while carving.

Step 4:  Carve from dot to dot to cut out the pattern shapes. Push the cut pieces into the pumpkin with your fingers. If a large piece becomes wedged, cut it into smaller pieces.

Editor’s Tip: If you happen to cut through a pumpkin section by mistake, reattach the pieces with straight pins or toothpicks.

Step 5: When you’re done carving out your stencil, insert a candle into your pumpkin and enjoy how your intricate design looks all lit up.

Stenciled pumpkins always look fun by the front door, alongside these fall porch decorations.

How to Carve a Pumpkin with a Cookie Cutter

Have a bin of cookie cutters that don’t get used often enough? Put them to good use this Halloween by learning how to carve a pumpkin with a cookie cutter!

How To Carve A Pumpkin Cookie Cutter MethodTaste of Home

What You’ll Need


Before you begin, carefully cut a circle around the pumpkin stem, lift off the lid and remove the seeds from the lid and inside the pumpkin.

Step 1: Place a cookie cutter on the pumpkin and tap firmly with a hammer until at least half of the cutter has pierced the pumpkin’s shell. (If the pumpkin shell is thin, the cutter may be pounded all the way through the shell.)

Step 2: Remove the cookie cutter, using needle-nose pliers if needed.

Step 3: With a small serrated knife (or the serrated saw from a pumpkin carving kit), follow the pattern made from the cookie cutter to cut out the image, making sure to cut all the way through the shell.

Step 4: With one hand inside the pumpkin, push out the cookie cutter image from the pumpkin and discard.

Step 5: Place a candle inside the pumpkin and secure it to the bottom with hot wax.

Editor’s Tip: Rub all cut pumpkin edges with petroleum jelly to keep it fresh longer. Make sure your pumpkin lasts all season long with these other ways to preserve a pumpkin.

How to Carve a Pumpkin with a Drill

For patterns like a starry night or polka dots, it’s helpful to use some heavy-duty tools. An electric drill will make quick work of these designs.

How To Carve A Pumpkin Drill MethodTaste of Home

What You’ll Need

  • Stencil (optional)
  • Electric drill
  • Candle


Like with the other carving techniques, cut a top or hole in the bottom of the pumpkin and remove the pumpkin guts before starting to carve.

Step 1: Create a dot design using a template or straight edge, or just wing it.

Step 2: Drill dot holes with an electric drill.

Step 3: Place a candle inside the pumpkin and watch the light shine through newly formed holes.

Don’t know how long do pumpkins last? Here’s everything you need to know about pumpkin picking, care and storage for this classic fall decor.