Meet Chaat: The Sweet, Spicy and Tangy Indian Street Food You Should Be Eating

If you're new to the delicious world of Indian cuisine, chaat is a great place to start. Keep reading to learn more about this tantalizing category of Indian street food.

When I was studying abroad in London, I tried Indian food for the first time and fell in love. Indian dishes like aloo chaat, tandoori chicken, samosas and paneer tikka masala became some of my favorites. While there, I also discovered a particular type of Indian street food called chaat.

What Is Chaat?

With its aromatic spices and tangy sauces, chaat describes an entire category of Indian street foods that offers the palate a symphony of exotic flavors and textures. It’s a group of foods without limits. The rich culinary diversity of India has led to the creation of a plethora of chaat dishes inspired by its various regions.

What Is Chaat Made Of?

While each may look and taste a little different, they all share a common combination of sweet, salty, crunchy, spicy and savory ingredients.

Start with Starch

All great chaat dishes begin with a solid foundation. The exact base ingredient will vary but it is almost always starchy. Popular options in traditional chaat include samosas, crispy puffed rice or fried bread fritters.

Add Vegetables

Vegetables are the next key ingredient to chaat and are typically boiled or raw. Meant to add texture to the dish, raw onions, tomatoes and boiled potatoes are common additions.

Top with Chutney

Generously spooned over the carb-rich base and vegetables is usually one or a combination of sweet, spicy and/or tangy chutneys. Chutneys are a staple in chaat and all Indian cuisine. They’re often served alongside Indian flatbreads like chapati bread or naan for dipping. While you’re likely to come across a wide variety of regionally-inspired chutneys as you explore the world of chaat, these are the three most common ones you’ll encounter.

  • Tamarind Chutney: This classic Indian condiment is sweet, sour and spicy. It’s made from tangy tamarind, spices and a sweetener like sugar, jaggery (palm tree sap) or dates.
  • Red Garlic Chutney: If you love garlic and spice, then this chutney is for you. This vibrant, fiery sauce is loaded with garlic and ground Kashmiri chilies.
  • Green Chutney: Also known as pudina dhania, this chutney is made primarily of cilantro, mint, garlic, ginger, cumin and chilies. This chutney is somehow both spicy and refreshing.

Dust with Masala

Next comes a healthy dusting of chaat masala ($6). While the realm of chaat may be vast, chaat masala is the common denominator that unites. It’s this essential blend of spices that gives chaat its signature flavor. Made primarily of kala namak, also known as Himalayan black salt, a pungent spice that adds a strong umami flavor and egg-like aroma to the dish.

Add a Crispy Topping

Finally, comes the crunch. No chaat dish is complete without something crispy and fried on top. Popular toppings include fried potato bits, deep-fried noodles made from chickpea flour called sev, or seasoned, fried chickpeas, masala chana.

While each component is relatively simple, when combined, they’re pure magic. Hitting on every flavor note that makes a food crave-able, chaat is your perfect gateway into the wonderful world of Indian food and flavors.

8 Chaat Dishes You Have to Try

The first time you visit an Indian restaurant can be an intimidating experience. For first-timers, there are a lot of new words, flavor combinations and ingredients to wrap your head around. While menus will vary from place to place, here are eight classic Indian chaat dishes you’ll want to try first.

Aloo Chaat

Aloo Chana Chaat - street food in Kolkata, IndiaMatyas Rehak/Shutterstock

Popular in northern India, aloo chaat is typically comprised of fried pieces of seasoned, parboiled potatoes topped with raw onion, chutney, lime juice and a generous sprinkling of chaat masala.

Aloo Tikki

Indian famous street food tikki with its ingredientSudarshan negi/Shutterstock

This popular snack is India’s version of hash browns or potato pancakes. Aloo tikki is made from mashed, boiled potatoes mixed with peas, onions and spices. The mixture is formed into small patties and then fried. Aloo Tikki is commonly served with an assortment of chutneys and yogurts for dipping.

Bhelpuri

Bhelpuri is a savoury snack or chaat.RealityImages/Shutterstock

This dish is bursting with texture. Starting with a base of puffed rice, called bhel, and crunchy pieces of fried dough strips called puri, this dish is topped with green and tamarind chutneys and often finished with cilantro, lime juice and a generous handful of peanuts and sev.

Dahi Vada

Dahi Vada or Bhalla is a popular snack in India served in a bowl.StockImageFactory.com/Shutterstock

These classic Indian fritters are a street food staple. Dahi vada begins with fried dumplings, known as vadas. Commonly made from legumes such as mung beans, chickpeas or lentils, the legumes are soaked and then ground into a batter that gets mixed with spices and then fried. Once cooked, the vadas are soaked in a heavy yogurt sauce and garnished with chaat masala.

Golgappa or Panipuri

Panipuri or Gol Gappa or Chaat, Indian Street Food, Panipuri, Golgappe, Chat item, India, Stuffed Panipuri with aloo and Sweet TamarindUxCubs/Shutterstock

Known as either golgappa or panipuri, this dish is made from unleavened deep-fried bread, called puri. Round and hollow, once fried, the puris are filled with a variety of savory fillings. The filling typically starts with a spoonful of flavored water, called imli pani. Then, a mixture of potatoes, chutneys, onions, chilies and chaat masala follows.

Pro tip: Eat these tasty little balls in one big bite. If you try to be dainty, you’ll regret it quickly as the tasty filling oozes out all over your shirt.

Papri Chaat

Papri Chaat is traditionally prepared using crisp fried dough wafers known as papri, along with boiled chick peas, boiled potatoes, yogurt and tamarind chutney and topped with chaat masala and sev.Artit Wongpradu/Shutterstock

Originating in North India, papri chaat is a dish that has gone through many adaptations as it spread throughout India and around the world. Sticking to the classic recipe, you’ll find a base of crispy fried dough wafers, papri, along with boiled potatoes and chickpeas topped with tamarind chutney, chaat masala and crunchy sev.

Sev Puri

Sev puri - Indian snack and a type of chaat. Indian Food Images/Shutterstock

Similar to golgappa and panipuri, sev puri is made using the same deep-fried unleavened bread balls. Their difference lies in the filling. Sev puri instead layers potatoes, onions and the three famous chaat chutneys into each hollow puri ball. The puris are then liberally topped with crispy sev and often garnished with fresh mango and chaat masala.

Samosa Chaat

A plate of hot samosas in a road side shop in IndiaKaarthikeyan.SM/Shutterstock

Even most Indian food rookies are familiar with samosas. The deep-fried, filled pastries are chopped and then arranged as the base to this classic Indian chaat dish. Topped with yogurt, assorted chutneys and sev, this chaat, it’s almost impossible to not love this chaat.

Do you think you’re ready to conquer chaat at home? Try this easy recipe for chana masala chaat next.

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Lauren Habermehl
Lauren Habermehl is a recipe developer, food photographer and creator of the blog, Frydae. She is a prolific quoter of FRIENDS, lover of weekend DIY projects and procrastinating fitness enthusiast who enjoys exploring the Milwaukee-area with her husband, daughter and ugly mutt named Tyson Doodles.