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6 Ways to Identify Spoiled Food

As much as we hate to waste a good home-cooked meal or farmers market produce, sometimes we have to part ways with our food. Here are a handful of easy ways to identify food that's seen better days.

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Woman Throwing Away Out Of Date Food In Refrigerator; Shutterstock ID 361485944; Job (TFH, TOH, RD, BNB, CWM, CM): -SpeedKingz/Shutterstock

Hanging on to leftovers is a great way to plan meals on the cheap and avoid wasting food, but from lazy-night lo mein to the last scraps of a Christmas feast, everything has a shelf life. In the absence of expiration dates, sometimes it takes a little culinary detective work to tell if leftovers have seen better days.

Sight, smell and touch are easy ways to tell if food has gone bad. Check your dishes for one or more of these tell-tale signs of spoilage.

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Sliced Chicken Breast fillet (selective focus) on wooden background; Shutterstock ID 381413266; Job (TFH, TOH, RD, BNB, CWM, CM): TOHHandmadePictures/Shutterstock

There’s a slimy film.

If lunch meats and holiday roasts feel slick to the touch or have a weird, glossy sheen, it’s probably time to toss them out. Vegetables can fall prey to this, as well—if your salad looks soggy, it’s past its prime and shouldn’t be eaten.

Don’t make these food safety mistakes!

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Two moldy bread portions, slices of food with toxic mold or mould with plenty colored spores lying on wooden board with blurred background. Nobody, horizontal orientation.; Shutterstock ID 159728873; Job (TFH, TOH, RD, BNB, CWM, CM): TOHAriene Studio/Shutterstock

There’s visible mold.

Though it’s not very pretty to look at, mold is probably the easiest way to tell if your leftovers have seen better days. Little spores can appear and spread quickly on aging fare. In addition to the food’s surface, be sure to take a peek at the container’s underside, as well. Mold is sneaky and can hide out at the bottom of Tupperware or glass jars. Here’s the one place you’re not checking bread for mold (yet).

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Four pieces of rotten avocado on wooden background top view; Shutterstock ID 1051896014Anna Lo/Shutterstock

The food is discolored.

Some foods, like avocados, will naturally discolor as they’re exposed to air, but if once-vivid dishes have gone pale or developed a greenish tint, it’s time to say goodbye.

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Brunnette woman holding foul food near refrigerator at home; Shutterstock ID 215612881; Job (TFH, TOH, RD, BNB, CWM, CM): TOHIakov Filimonov/Shutterstock

It has a funky, rancid odor.

It’s not the most pleasant way to tell if food has gone bad, but if everything looks fine and you’re still unsure, give it a whiff. If it smells rancid or pungent, or otherwise worse than when you put it in the fridge, it’s better not to take the risk.

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Wilted or fresh sweet pepper on a wooden table. Unhealthy or healthy food; Shutterstock ID 369647651; Job (TFH, TOH, RD, BNB, CWM, CM): TOHAvillfoto/Shutterstock

The texture looks off.

If nothing appears to be amiss but you still have doubts, you can check out the food’s texture. If produce easily caves in on itself or leftover pasta has fused together, you should toss it out.

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Close up of freezer burned ground beef chuck hamburger meat with frozen ice crystals due to improper storage or packaging before freezing; Shutterstock ID 1101781991; Job (TFH, TOH, RD, BNB, CWM, CM): TOHMerrimon Crawford/Shutterstock

Frozen leftovers are caked in frost.

If you’re saving leftovers for the long haul, you should still give them a check before they’re thawed. Frost and ice crystals don’t necessarily mean the food is inedible, but its flavor and texture will suffer. Here’s the right way to freeze a casserole.

You should always err on the side of safety when determining if your food is spoiled. We keep this simple motto in mind: “When in doubt, throw it out.” Curious to learn more? Check out our shelf life guide for how long leftovers last.

Rory Cooper
Rory was raised in rural New Hampshire before spending a few years in the hustle and bustle of Chicago. Now back in New England, he's stocking up on fishing tackle, amassing an ever-growing collection of crochet hooks and fantasizing about one day living in a cabin.

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