How to Grow Brussels Sprouts

Planting advice for how to grow Brussels sprouts, recommended varieties and Brussels sprouts recipes.

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Brussels Sprouts

Brassica oleracea gemmifera

Brussels sprouts are tasty. Honest! As a kid, you were probably force-fed overcooked, mushy sprouts. But properly prepared, they're a delight—and packed with vitamins and minerals.

Hardiness: Grown as an annual.

Planting advice: Sow seeds four to five weeks before transplanting in early summer. Transplant at least 90 days before the first frost. Sow seedlings 2 to 3 feet apart, with rows at least 2 feet apart.

They'll grow about 3 feet tall and produce 20 to 40 sprouts along the stem.

Harvest tips: Pick in about 90 days, when sprouts are firm and 1 inch in diameter, and before leaves turn yellow.

Sprouts keep for about 10 days in a refrigerated airtight bag, and up to a year if frozen. To freeze, blanch in boiling water for three minutes; dunk them in ice-cold water for three more. Drain and store in airtight freezer bags.

Recommendations: Bubbles, Oliver, Royal Marvel, Rubine (red sprouts), Valiant.

Source: Birds & Blooms "Grow Veggies for Less"