Watch the Total Grams of Carbohydrates in Meals and Snacks
Eat about the same amount of carbohydrates around the same time each day to help maintain an even blood sugar without spikes and valleys. The diabetic exchange system or carbohydrate counting can help you with this.
Monitor Blood Glucose
Check your blood glucose (sugar) regularly. Use these readings as a tool to help avoid high or low blood sugars. They will also help you learn how certain foods affect your blood glucose. A particular food can affect people very differently. Share your daily blood glucose log with your healthcare team. This will help them tailor your medications and meal plan to keep your blood glucose under control.
Get Plenty of Exercise
Exercise to shed extra pounds if you need to lose weight, because even a small weight loss can lead to improved glucose control. Regular exercise can also help decrease your risk for heart disease and stroke, improve blood circulation, decrease blood pressure and cholesterol, relieve stress and give you a lot more energy.
Maintain Regular Appointments with your Diabetes Care Team
Your primary diabetes doctor can help build a team of healthcare professionals that specialize in many areas of diabetes care. Your diabetes care team may include a certified diabetes educator, registered dietitian, nurse educator, eye doctor, podiatrist, dentist and an exercise physiologist. Keep regular appointments to help avoid diabetes-related complications.