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How-to's

"Painting" Candle Holders

Holding the candle holder on the inside, apply corn syrup with a pastry brush to the outside, using random brushstrokes. To achieve the icy look, let the strokes of the brush show...don't try to…

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A Lovely Leaf-Topped Lattice Pie

Lightly brush lattice with beaten egg; overlap leaf cutouts on top.

Brush pie edge with beaten egg. Place leaf cutouts lengthwise along edge, overlapping slightly. Lightly press cutouts onto…

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Angel cake ball pops

dipping ball instructions to follow

draw face instructions to follow

insert stick instructions to follow

add head to body instructions to follow

draw hair instructions to…

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Anniversary Table

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.191.

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Apple Peel Swirls

Starting at the top of the apple, peel of the skin with a citrus zester. Work around the apple in a circular pattern. Place the peels in ice water and refrigerate for at least 20 minutes. (when…

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Apple-Pear Studel

Place one sheet of phyllo dough on a work surface

Spoon apple mixture lengthwise over phyllo within 2 in. of a long side

Place seam side down in a parchment paper-lined 15-in. x 10-in.…

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Assembling the Anniversary Cake Topper

Place cake topper pattern under a sheet of waxed paper; tape both to work surface. Pipe icing along outside and inside edges of the design; let dry.

Thin remaining icing with water. Pipe…

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Assembling the Nutcracker

Gather the craft materials needed for the Nutcracker Cake and cake stand, including (shown at right) nine wood dowel pieces, one round wood plaque, one rectangular wood plaque, two cardboard…

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Avoiding Fudge Foils

The recipes in this cookbook often instruct you to butter the foil in you pan before pouring in the fudge mixture. That way, when the fudge is cooled, you can easily lift the foil and fudge out…

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bagel basics

1. Shape dough into balls. Push your thumb through the center of the dough, forming a 1-in. hole. 2. Stretch and shape dough to form an even ring.

After bagels have boiled, remove them…

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Baking and Storing Pies

A pastry shell is thoroughly baked when it is a light golden brown. Fruit pies are done when the filling bubbles and the crust is light golden brown. (The filling should be clear, not cloudy.)…

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Baking Meatballs & Meat Loaves

Place shaped meatballs on a rack in a shallow baking pan. Bake at 400° until no longer pink, about 20 minutes for 1-1/2-in. meatballs.

Insert an instant-read thermometer in the…

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Basic Crepes

Add Batter: Spoon 2-3 Tbsp. crepe batter into a hot skillet.

Swirl: Lift pan to gently swirl the batter so it evenly coats the skillet.

Flip: With a non-metal spatula, carefully loosen…

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Basic Pie Pastry

A food processor makes the first step a cinch. Simply pulse the shortening mixture for coarse crumbs.

The key to m aking a flaky crust is to avoid overmixing when adding lemon-lime soda to…

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Batters for Quick Breads

Creamed Butter

When a quick bread is made with solid fat, like softened butter or shortening, the fat and sugar are creamed together just like when making a cake. Then the eggs, dry…

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Beating Eggs

LIGHTLY BEATEN

Beat the egg with a fork until the yolk and white are combined.

LEMON-COLORED

Beat eggs with an electric mixer on high speed for about 5 minutes. The…

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Bento Boxes

Bento Box Options: From basic bamboo to lovely lacquered, Bento boxes come in a variety of shapes, styles, and sizes that appeal to kids as well as adults. Some places even sell disposable…

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Birch Bark Centerpiece

You don’t have to chop down a tree to create this woody winter wonderland!

We found 8-inch-high birch bark cylinders online and cut them in half crosswise to make two 4-inch-high cylinders.…

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Birch Place Cards

Go out on a limb and fashion a forest-inspired place card for each of your dinner guests this Christmas season!

Cut a 3/4-in.-thick slice from a 1-1/2-in.-diameter birch branch. Drill a hole…

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Blanching Plums, Peaches or Nectarines

Place plums into covered saucepan of boiling water for 30-45 seconds or until the skin splits. Use tongs or a slotted spoon to remove the fruit.

Immediately place plums in an ice-water bath…

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Blood Oranges

Use the fruit and juice as you would any other orange. Blood oranges get their red color from a pigment called anthocyanin, which is usually found not in oranges, but in cherries, raspberries and…

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blown egg ornament tree

To blow out eggs: Use a push pin to make holes in opposite ends of each egg. Carefully break away a bit more of the shell to make 1/8-inch holes. Insert a long needle or wire into one hole;…

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blown egg place card

Set the stage for a delightful Easter brunch by welcoming guests to the table with these whimsical blown egg place cards. Blow out a brown egg as directed in the Blown Egg Ornament Tree…

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Blue Cheese Herb Loaf

As a guide, we placed a plastic ruler on a greased baking sheet, then free-formed an 11-in. oblong loaf for this recipe.

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Boiling Covered in Water

Place vegetables in a saucepan and cover with water. Lightly salt if desired. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat

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boiling-water bath basics

Put the rack in your canner. Add several inches of water; bring to a simmer. Prepare the recipe as directed. Ladle or pour the hot mixture into hot sterilized jars. Use a ruler to make sure you're…

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Boiling-Water-Bath Basics

Wash jars and two piece caps in hot, soapy water; rinse throughly. Dry bands on a towel. Put jars in a large kettle with enough water to cover; simmer to 180°. Remove from heat. Place lids in…

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Boning Chicken Breasts

Insert a small boning or paring knife between the ribs and breast meat. Pressing knife along bones, cut to remove meat. If desired, remove skin by pulling from breast meat.

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Bow Place Cards

Begin by folding a 3-1/2-in. x 4-in. piece of card stock in half to form a 3-1/3-in. x 2-in. rectangle. Open the place card; use a craft knife to cut a 1/2-in.-long slit through the center of the…

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Bowl How-To

If you can't find the small foil tart pans for the breakfast eggs, make your own with heavy-duty aluminum foil. Simply invert a 10-ounce custard cup onto a work surface. Place three 9-in.-square…

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Braiding a Filled Bread

Spread filling down center of rectangle. On each long side, cut 1-in.-wide strips, about 1/2 in. from filling.

Starting at one end, fold alternating strips at an angle across filling. Seal…

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Braiding Breads

Place three ropes almost touching on a baking sheet. Starting in the middle, loosely bring left rope under center rope. Bring the right rope under the new center rope and repeat until you reach…

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Braising Beef

Heat oil in a Dutch oven over medium-high. Brown roast on all sides, turning with a sturdy meat fork.

Combine liquid ingredients and seasonings; pour over roast. Cover and simmer for 1 to 2…

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Bread Test for Doneness

Check for doneness 10-15 minutes before the end of the recommended baking time. The bread is done if a toothpick inserted near the center comes out clean. If it is not done, test again in few…

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Breading Fish

Combine dry ingredients in a pie plate or shallow bowl. In another pie plate or bowl, whisk egg, milk and/or other liquid ingredients. Dip fish into egg mixture, then roll gently in dry…

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Browning a Roux

Thicken gravy and soup using a roux, which is a mixture of fat and flour. In a traditional gumbo, flour is added to the fat and heated until it reaches a reddish-brown color. It is important to…

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Butter Bliss

Spread the flavored butter to about 1/4-in. thickness on a waxed paper-lined baking sheet and refrigerate until it's firm. Cut out butter using 1-in. cookie cutters in various festive shapes, such…

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Butterflake Rolls

Combine two dinner rolls into a ball. Place the ball into a greased muffin cup. With scissors, make four or five deep cuts into the ball as shown below, leaving the bottom of the roll attached.…

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Butterflying a Lobster Tail

With scissors, cut lengthwise through the top of the tail, taking care not to cut through the meat. Remove vein, as you would devein a shrimp. Carefully pull the shell away from the meat, leaving…

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Butterflying Chicken

It's easy to butterfly boneless skinless chicken breast halves. The result is chicken that will cook quickly and evenly because it is half of its original thickness.

Using a sharp knife, make…

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Butterflying Shrimp

After the shrimp is deveined, cut the slit deeper into the shrimp but not all the way through, leaving shrimp attached at the bottom.

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Buying and Cooking Ground Beef

Ground beef is often labeled using the cut of meat that it is ground from, such as ground chuck or ground round. (Ground beef comes from a combination of beef cuts.) Ground beef can also be…

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Buying Bulgur

Look for bulgur in the cereal, rice or organic food aisle of your grocery store.

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Cabbage Leaf Napkin Rings

Why buy napkin rings to go with the "gourd-eous" centerpiece above when you can make your own natural variety? Start by folding a square dinner napkin in half to make a rectangle. Roll up tightly,…

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Cake from simple to Stunning

For a crumb-free finish, use an offset spatula to apply a very thin coat of frosting over the cake. Then pop it in the fridge for 20 minutes before covering with or piping on the remaining…

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Candy Cane Chalet

Squeeze a strip of icing along the long side of the base. Position another candy bar perpendicular to base; press firmly into place and prop with cans until icing is dry.

Pipe icing into the…

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Candy Gifts

Cut a Fruit Roll-Up into thin strips. Place two strips widthwise around desired amount of Starburst candies; press together at base to attach.

Form two Fruit Roll-Up strips into a bow; press…

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Candy is Dandy Table Decoration

Buy a few inexpensive tall glass jars at a craft

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candy-coated waffle cones

Pipe canned white frosting around the top edge of the cone; sprinkle with colored sugar, chocolate sprinkles, colored jimmies or nonpareils. Place the cones on a wire rack until frosting is set.…

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Caramelize Onions

1. Slice Slice root of top of onion; cut in half. Peel and slice. Use a large, heavy skillet so the onions are not crowded. Heat oil in the pan over medium heat; add the onions and stir yo…

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Caramelizing Sugar

In a heavy saucepan or skillet, melt sugar over medium-heat, about 10 minutes. Do not stir. When sugar is melted, reduce heat to low. Cook for about 5 minutes or until syrup is golden, stirring…

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Carmalizing Sugar

Spread sugar over bottom of a heavy skillet, preferably one that is not cast iron or one without a nonstick interior. It is easier to seethe color change in a stainless steel skillet.

Cook…

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Carving a Half Ham with Bone

Place ham fat side up on a carving board. Using a meat fork to anchor the ham, make a horizontal cut with a carving knife from the one side of the ham to the bone. Position the cut in about the…

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Carving a Leg of Lamb

Cut a few 1/4-in. slices on the thin side of the leg and remove to a platter. Turn roast over so it rests on the cut surface.

Hold roast steady by using paper towels around bone with one…

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Carving a Rib Roast

Place roast with rib bones to one side of a cutting board to serve the roast with the rib bone attached. Hold the meat steady with a meat fork. Using a carving knife, cut between the bones,…

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Carving Chuck Roasts

To carve arm or blade chuck roasts, first separate the individual muscles by cutting around each muscle and bone.

Carve each muscle across the grain of the meat to desired thickness.

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Carving Ham

The butt half of a ham is very meaty, but can sometimes be a challenge to care since part of the bone is buried within the meat. Here are some tips that will have yuo carving like a pro. 1.…

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Carving Standing Rib Roasts

To carve a standing rib roast, place meat on a cutting board with large side down and rib bones to one side. Make about a 1- to 2-in. cut along the curve of the bone to separate meat from…

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Carving Turkey

Remove the Legs. Slice through the skin between the leg and body using a large carving knife. Pull leg outward with a serving fork and cut through the hip joint, removing the entire leg from the…

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Cedar Plank Pointers

You can purchase packages of grill-ready cedar, maple, and cherry or apple wood planks at grocery, hardware, specialty and kitchen stores. Another option is to buy untreated planks at a lumberyard…

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Charming Napkin Bows

Place napkin wrong side up on a flat surface and fold the two opposite corners in to the center, overlapping the corners a bit. Then fold opposite straight edges as shown.

To form the two…

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Checking Quick Breads for Doneness

Insert a toothpick near the center of the bread. If the toothpick comes out clean - without any crumbs - the bread is done.

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Cheering Station Setup

Place your fun-filled items include clappers, beads, pom-poms, foam fingers, megaphones, and mini footballs in a bucket on a table near the television. Your fans will quickly gra an item when it's…

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Cherry Pie Cookies

Roll out pastry onto a lightly floured surface. Cut into 1/2-in. wide strips; make a lattice crust. Beat egg white and water; brush over top. Sprinkle with coarse sugar. Using a floured 2-in.…

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Cherry-Stuffed Pork Chops

Cut a deep slit in each pork chop, forming a pocket.

Stuff about 1/4 cup cherry mixture into each chop; secure with toothpicks. Sprinkle with pepper. In a large skillet, cook chops in oil…

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Chicken Swiss Bundles

Place 1/4 cup chicken mixture on a flattened dinner roll. Lightly brush edges with water.

Place another flattened roll over the filling. Press edges with a fork to seal.

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Chicken Tamales

Whip dough (masa) until light and fluffy. It should be very thick and well combined.

Properly beaten dough (masa) will float when dropped into cold water.

Pat dough (masa) to within…

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Chili Pepper Flowers

Step 1: Always be sure to wear rubber gloves when cutting and handling the seeds of chili peppers. Cut off point of pepper, leaving about 2-1/2 inches of pepper to work with.

Step 2: Using…

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Chilling Dip at Picnics

When serving dip on a hot day, it's important to keep it cool. If you don't have a ceramic dip set, use what you have on hand.

Fill a large glass or plastic serving bowl with ice cubes,…

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Chocolate Almond Pinecone Garnishes

Divide one 7-oz. tube almond paste into six equal portions. Form each into a cone shape, about 1-1/2 in. tall and 1 in. in diameter. Beginning at the base, insert pointed end of sliced almonds (4…

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chocolate and vanilla cream brulee

Slowly pour remaining cream mixture over the back of the spoon into the ramekins. Place ramekins in a baking pan; add 1 in. of boiling water to pan.

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Chocolate and Vanilla Creme Brulee

Over the chocolate layer, slowly pour vanilla custard over the back of a small spoon. The vanilla custard will rest on top of the chocolate.

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Chocolate Butterfly Garnish

Melt about 10 oz. white candy coating.

Trace pattern onto tracing paper. Place butterfly pattern on a flat surface. Arrange wooden spoons with handles 2 in. apart. Place a 4-in. square of…

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Chocolate Garnish Curls

Using a vegetable peeler, peel off curls from a solid block of chocolate. Allow curls to fall gently onto a work surface or plate in a single layer. If you get only shavings, try warming the…

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Chocolate Garnish Cutouts

Melt 1 cup chip - semisweet, milk, vanilla or white - and 1/4 teaspoon shortening (do not use butter, margarine or oil).

Line a baking sheet with aluminum foil (shiny side up) or waxed…

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Chocolate New Year's Hourglass

Place waxed paper over tube end of each funnel; seal with masking tape. Spoon white confectionery coating into funnels and spread with spatula, forming an even layer on all surfaces.

Invert…

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Chocolate Parfait Glasses

Melt chocolate chips and shortening in a microwave-safe bowl. Stir until smooth. Dip rims of parfait glasses into melted chocolate.

Holding the glass upside down over a plate, sprinkle…

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Chocolate Stars

Trace a star design several times on a piece of paper. Place paper on a baking sheet and cover with waxed paper. Microwave 1 bag (12 ounces) semisweet chocolate chips and 1 teaspoon shortening on…

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Chopping an Onion

To quickly chop an onion, peel and cut in half from the root to the top. Leaving root attached, place flat side down on work surface. Cut vertically through the onion, leaving the root end…

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Christmas Cookie Poppers

Cut a piece of parchment paper that is large enough to cover the cookies or candies you want to give. Cut a piece of wrapping, tissue or foil paper about 5 inches wider that the parchment paper.…

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Christmas Cracker Napkin Fold

Simply fold a square napkin in half, then roll up. (If you like, tuck a few pieces of candy inside.) Tie each end of the roll with ribbons.

Place card: Place a pinecone on the plate at each…

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christmas kissing ball

Insert three lengths of craft wire into the top center of the moss or styrofoam ball, extending it out of the bottom by about an inch.

At the bottom, individually bend each wire end to make…

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cinnamon dough

This easy-to-work-with dough is sure to become a favorite recipe. Try as simple cinnamon rolls or follow the bonus version.

Twisted Cinnamon Rings: Cut roll in half lengthwise.

Twist…

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Cinnamon Stick Stirrers

When it’s time for a coffee break, stir things up...deliciously. Replace spoons with hand-dipped cinnamon sticks that serve as flavorful stirrers.

Dip each cinnamon stick in melted…

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Citrus Loop Garnish

Cut a lime into thin slices and then cut each slice in half. With a pairing knife, carefully cut between the peel and the fruit, cutting about two-thirds around the inside of the peel.

Fold…

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Classy Frosted Hurricane vase

Turn the hurricane vase upside down on a protected surface. Slip one leg of the patterned tights over the vase. Tie the end of the leg into a knot to secure. Tuck the other leg inside the…

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Cleaning a Grill

Clean the food grate with a stiff wire brush after cooking.

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Cleaning Leeks

Leeks often contain sand between their many layers. Cut the leeks lengthwise in half. Rinse under cold running water, gently separating the leaves to allow the water to flush out any trapped sand…

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Clever Cupcake Carrier

Unlike traditional cupcakes, Patriotic Cupcake Cones are top-heavy, making it a bit challenging to transport them to picnics. But you can create your own convenient carriers.

First…

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Clever Way to Color a Vase

Turn the vase upside down; slip one leg of a pair of patterned tights over a vase. Tie the end of the leg in a knot. Tuck the remaining leg inside the vase. Spreay with frosted glass finish; let…

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Clover Cutlery

Forgo paper napkins and plastic utensils at your St. Patrick's Day celebration...give your everyday cloth napkins a fast, refreshing facelift! First, simply fold the napkins as desired. Set…

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cloverleaf roll

Make dough as directed; divided into 24 portions. Divide each portion into three equal pieces; shape into balls. Place three balls in each greased muffin cup. Let rise. Top and bake as…

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Coating Cookies

Using a strainer, gently toss cookies in confectioners' sugar until coated.

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Coating Meat with Flour

Combine flour and any other dry seasonings in a large resealable plastic bag. Add meat, a few pieces at a time; shake until meat is completely coated with the flour mixture.

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Coating the Edge of Refrigerated Cookies

To give a little twist to refrigerated cookies, coat the edge in nuts, colored sugar, jimmies, nonpareils, coconut or cinnamon-sugar. Spread the coating length wise down a piece of waxed paper.…

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Cold-Water Test for Candy

Thread Stage

(230°-233°). Dip a metal spoon into the hot candy mixture. Hold the spoon over the cold water. The mixture should fall off the spoon in a fine thread.

Soft-Ball…

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Combining Egg Yolks and Hot Mixtures

When making a cream pie with egg yolks, the hot liquid needs to be added carefully to the egg yolks. Remove about 1 cup of the hot mixture and stir into the yolks. Return mixture to pan. Proceed…

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Common Cooking Techniques

To Fry

Place food, such as chicken, in 1/2 to 1 in. of hot oil in a skillet. Fry, uncovered, until food is browned and cooked through.

To Saute

Place food, such as fresh…

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Confetti Fiesta Braids

1. Start braiding in the middle 2. Bring the right rope under the center rope.

3. Press each end to seal and tuck under.

3. Press each end to seal and tuck under.

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Cookie Decorating Techniques

Glazing and Decorating. Spread Confectioners’ Sugar Glaze over cookies; let dry. Pipe designs onto cookies using a contrasting color of Royal Icing.

Flocking. Prepare…

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Cookie Pop

Place lollipop sticks 2 in. apart on foil-lined baking sheets. Place cutout cookie dough on each; press down gently.

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Cookie-Cutter Pumpkin Carving

Before you begin, carefully cut a circle around the pumpkin stem, lift off the lid and remove the seeds from the lid and inside the pumpkin.

Place a cookie cutter on the pumpkin and firmly…

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Cooking Spaghetti

Carefully hold spaghetti in boiling water and ease it down into the water as it softens, pushing it around the edge of the pan. When fully immersed in the water, stir the spaghetti to separate…

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Cooking Spaghetti Squash

Cut the squash in half lengthwise and remove seeds. Place cut side down in a greased baking dish; bake at 350° for 45-60 minutes or until the shell is pierced easily with a fork. Allow to cool…

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Cooling a Foam Cake

If your tube pan has legs, invert the pan onto its legs until the cake is completely cool.

If your tube pan does not have legs, place pan over a funnel or the neck of a narrow bottle until…

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Coring an Apple

Use an apple corer to core a whole apple. Push apple corer down into center of a washed apple. Twist and remove the center seeds and membranes.

Core an apple quarter by cutting out the core…

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Coring Pears Like a Pro

To core a fresh pear, insert an apple corer into the bottom of the pear to within 1 in. of its top. Twist the corer, then slowly pull the corer out of the pear to remove the core.

If you…

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Cracking and Cleaning Cooked Hard-Shell Crab

Twist off claws and legs. Use a nutcracker or crab mallet to crack the joints and shells and pick out meat with a seafood fork.

Place crab upside down on its top shell. Using your hands,…

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Cracking and Cleaning Cooked Whole Lobster

Twist off claws. Pull off small pincer and discard. Use a nutcracker, lobster cracker or crab mallet to crack the large claws. Remove meat.

Twist off the legs at body and crack shells and…

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Creaming Butter

When creaming butter, it should be softened (a table knife will be able to glide through the butter). When butter is cut into a mixture, it generally should be cold from the refrigerator.

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Create a Faux Firecracker

Cut a paper towel tube in half. Cut 3 to 4 layers of tissue paper into 10-in. x 10-in. squares. Fasten tissue paper around tube. Wrap a piece of pipe cleaner around tissue paper at bottom of…

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Create Chocolate Ribbons

Combine 8 oz. melted white candy coating and 1 Tbsp. oil. Using a small offset spatula, spread mixture thinly in an 8-in. length on freezer paper. Dry slightly; trim edges to form an inch-wide…

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Create These Sandwiches In A Snap!

Cut brownie sheet in half widthwise.

Cut open the quart-sized carton of softened ice cream. Cut the ice cream into four slices to make it easier to spread. Using a spatula, spread the ice…

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Creating a Chocolate Bow

Spread chocolate onto strips of freezer paper. Immediately peel strips from the work surface; place on clean waxed paper.

Press ends of strips together, paper side out. Stand on edges on of…

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Creating a Lattice-Topped Pie

Make pastry for a double-crust pie. Line a 9-in. pie plate with the bottom pastry and trim to 1 in. beyond the edge of plate. Roll out remaining pastry to a 12-in. circle. With a fluted…

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Crescent Roll

Roll a portion of the dough into a 10-in. to 12-in. wedges and roll up, beginning at the wide end. Place pointed side down 2 in. apart on greased baking sheets. Curve ends to form crescent…

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Crocodile cupcake how-tos

Using round tip #5 and dark green frosting, pipe outline of a crocodile body on a blue-frosted cupcake.

Using round tip #5, fill in outline, building frosting higher in center. Pipe ovals…

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Crushing Garlic

Crush garlic with the flat side of a chef's knife blade to easily peel away skin.

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Crushing Herbs

It's best to crush herbs and spices just before using them in a recipe. A mortar and pestle are the traditional tools used for crushing them. If you don't have a set, use the back of a metal spoon…

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Cucumber Rolls

get the look! To make slices that are the perfect size and thickness for these rolls, slice the cucumber with a julienne peeler.

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Cupcake Bus

On a covered cake board, place a row of five cupcakes for top of bus. Arrange six cupcakes each in the second and third rows. Follow with a row of five cupcakes.

Tint 2-1/2 cups vanilla…

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Cupcake Capers

To make cupcakes of the same size, use a solid plastic ice cream scoop to measure out the batter and fill the muffin cups.

Batter for a two-layer 9-in. cake can be used to make 2 to 2-1/2…

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Cutlery Napkin Bundles

Place a set of cutlery diagonally on the napkin, leaving about a third of the napkin showing at the bottom. Fold the bottom corner over the cutlery.

Fold the left side of the napkin over the…

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Cutting Bars into Diamond Shapes

With a large knife, make a diagonal cut from one corner of the pan to the opposite corner. Make diagonal cuts at 1-1/2-in. intervals parallel to the first cut.

Make a lengthwise cut through…

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Cutting Bars into Triangles

Triangle-shaped bars give a festive look to a cookie platter. Simply cut the bars into squares, then cut each squares, then cut each square in half diagonally.

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Cutting Biscotti

Bake the dough in an oblong loaf. Cool slightly and cut into slices using a serrated knife.

Store biscotti in airtight containers. If decorated with a coating, stack them between sheets of…

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Cutting Down on Fat

If you are using canned broth that is not fat-free, just chill in the refrigerator. After it is cold, remove the top of the can and lift off the solidified fat.

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Cutting Fresh Pineapple

With a chef's knife, remove the crown and the base. Stand the pineapple upright and cut down the length to remove the eyes and rind in strips.

Cut pineapple into quarters; remove the core.…

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Cutting Kernels from Corncobs

Stand one end of the cob on a cutting board. Starting at the top, run a sharp knife down the cob, cutting deeply to remove whole kernels. One medium cob yields 1/3 to 1/2 cup kernels.

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Cutting Up a Whole Chicken

Pull the leg and thigh away from the body. With a small sharp knife, cut through the skin to expose the joint.

Cut through joint, then cut skin around thigh to free leg. Repeat with other…

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Cutting Up Fresh Pineapple

Cut off crown of the fruit. Stand pineapple upright and cut off the rind using a sharp knife. Cut off the base.

Follow the pattern of the eyes to cut diagonal wedge-shaped grooves in…

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Dainty Daffodil Centerpiece

White round serving dish (about 14-in. diameter x 3-in. high)

Tete-a-tete daffodil plant for the center of the centerpiece and three or four additional plants for extra blossoms choose plants…

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Danish Crispies

Roll out dough according to recipe directions on a lightly floured surface or parchment paper. Spread with butter

Place on greased baking sheets (four to six slices per sheet). Cover with…

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Danish Crispies Flatten with Palm

Roll out dough according to recipe directions on a lightly floured surface or parchment paper. Spread with butter, then sprinkle with cinnamon-sugar to within 1/4 inc. or edges. Roll u tightly,…

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Decorate Cookies with Royal Icing

Using a pastry bag and plain Royal Icing, outline each cookie; let dry. Tint remaining icing with colors of your choice. Working one cookie at a time, fill in the center with tinted icing; spread…

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Decorate with Pears

From lovely light green to beautiful blazing red, fresh pears are a natural element to incorporate in your fall decorating. Here are some easy ideas.

Fruit-filled vase. In a small,…

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Decorating Cookies with Royal Icing

Cut a small hole in the corner of a pastry or plastic bag. Insert a round tip; fill bag with icing. Hold bag at a 45° angle to the cookie, and pipe a bead of icing around the edge. Stop…

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Decorating Pastry Crusts

Gather pastry scraps and roll out. Cut into your favorite shapes with a cookie cutter. Position on top of crust.

With a small sharp knife, cut slits in the crust to allow steam to escape.…

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Decorative Pie Crust

Ruffle Edge

Used for a single- or double-crust pie. Trim pastry 1/2-in. beyond edge of pie plate (1 in. for a double-crust pie). Turn the overhanging pastry under to form the rolled edge.…

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Diagonal Napkin Fold

Place a square cloth napkin wrong side up on a flat surface. Fold in two sides so they overlap and form a rectangle.

Fold the upper left corner down to the center of the rectangle’s lower…

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Dicing a Mango

Wash fruit. Lay fruit on the counter, then turn so the top and bottom are now the sides. Using a sharp knife, make a lengthwise cut as close to the long, flat seed as possible to remove each…

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Dipping Bars in Chocolate

Melt the chocolate chips, baking chocolate or candy coating according to recipe directions. If necessary, transfer chocolate to a narrow container.

To cover an entire bar in chocolate, use…

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Dipping Candy in Chocolate

Place candy on a table fork or a special two-tined candy fork; dip into the melted chocolate to cover entirely. Remove from the chocolate; scrape off any excess chocolate on the side of the bowl.…

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Dipping Cookies in Chocolate

Melt the chocolate chips, baking chocolate or candy coating according to recipe directions. If necessary, transfer the chocolate to a narrow container.

Dip cookie partway into chocolate and…

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Dipping into Glaze

Place a wire rack over a large sheet of waxed paper. The waxed paper will help keep the countertop clean. Using a candy fork, gently dip petits fours, one at a time, into warm glaze. Lift out of…

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Disguise a Cracked Cheesecake

If the top of your cheesecake has a crack in it, just cover it up! Topping the cheesecake with fruit, a sour cream topping or your favorite jam will offer a delectable disguise.

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Disjointing Chicken Wings

Place chicken wing on a cutting board. With a sharp knife, cut between the joint at the top of the tip end. Discard tips or use for preparing chicken broth.

Take remaining wing and cut…

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Displaying Applesauce Cinnamon Ornaments

In addition to hanging Applesauce Cinnamon Ornaments from your Christmas tree, you can use them to decorate miniature potted evergreens. Place the decorated trees on your mantle or on a…

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Doneness Test for Steak

To test for doneness, insert an instant-read thermometer horizontally from the side, making sure to get the reading in the center of the steak.

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Double Chocolate Curls

White chocolate spirals add interest to the large chocolate curls that decorate Chocolate Mousse Cheesecake (pictured at far right). Here’s how to make them.

Spread a thin layer of melted…

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Doughnuts, Your Way

Shape: All you need to flatten this dough are your hands. Pat it down, then cut with a doughnut cutter. To keep the dough from sticking, wiggle your cutter in a little flour between…

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Drizzle and Drag Design

This design adds a little glamour to any cake...and it's easy to do! First, spread the frosting over the cake, making it smooth and even. Place melted chocolate in a resealable plastic bag; cut a…

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Drizzling Chocolate Over Bars

Melt chocolate according to recipe directions. Transfer to a resealable plastic bag and cut a small hole in one corner. While moving back and forth over the bars, gently squeeze out the melted…

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Dusting Cakes with Confectioners' Sugar

Place confectioners' sugar in a small metal sieve or sifter; shake or sift over the top of the baked and cooled cake. To make a pattern lay a doily over the cake; sift an even layer of sugar over…

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Dusting With Sugar

When your recipe calls for dusting a baked item with powdered sugar, use a mesh tea ball. It works wonders and won't create a dust storm. -Nancy Ramey, La Pine, Oregon

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Easy Floral Arranging

By making a grid with tape, you can arrange flowers like a pro and create a stunning centerpiece.

Put a handful of floral marbles or stones in the bottom of you bowl or vase. Place strips of…

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Easy Holly Idea

To make glaze: Combine 3 cups confectioners' sugar and 6 tablespoons milk. Spread over cookies.

Immediately dot green food gel on each cookie.

Gently pull a toothpick through dots toward…

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Easy Ornament Centerpiece

Set a few ornaments on a long, rectangular serving tray. Adorn the display with fresh pine cones and ind boughs, artificial leaves and berries, or an of your favorite yuletide trinkets.

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Easy-Going Easter Flowers

For text see HCA_2008, p.149.

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Easy-to-Make Bread Crumbs

Many recipes call for soft or fresh bread crumbs, which are so easy to make in a food processor or blender. Simply tear a few slices of bread into 1-1/2-in. pieces and place in the food processor…

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Edible Blooms Made in Minutes

1. Cut six Kraft Jet-Puffed Stacker Mallows into pretty shapes with a 1 1/4-in. scalloped round cookie cutter. Next, cut holes in the center of each small round with an apple corer or a 3/4-in.…

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Eerie Invitation

Personalize the invitations for your vampire gala by making your own on the computer. We suggest using the following wording: Ghouls and goblins from far and near It is our favorite time of…

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Egg Poaching Secret

Place 2-3 in. of water in a large skillet with high sides; add vinegar. Bring to a boil; reduce heat and simmer gently. Break cold eggs, one at a time, into a custard cup or saucer; holding the…

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Egg-free toffee chip cookies

Drop by rounded tablespoons 2 in. apart onto ungreased baking sheets

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Engraving Gourds

For text see HCA_2008, p.117.

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Equal-sized meatballs

For equal-sized meatballs, form the beef into a 1-inch thick rectangle and cut into 24 equal squares. Gently roll each square into a ball.

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Evergreen Christmas Candles

Invite guests to gather around your Christmas dinner table with these stunning candle arrangements that provided a warm, welcoming glow.
First, purchase pillar candles in a color that…

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eyes on you cupcake

Ingredients for Eyes On You

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Fabric Gift Bag

Fold a 7-1/2-inch x 26-inch piece of fabric in half crosswise with the right sides facing. Sew or fuse the long edges together with a narrow seam. Turn right side out. If desired, trim the edges…

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Fancy Cheese Cutting

Using a 3-inch round biscuit cutter, press into the center of the cheese, making sure not to cut all the way through.

Scoop out the center cheese, leaving a 1/4-inch shell; set shell…

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Fancy Frosting and Patterns

Decorate cakes like a pro with decorating tips and pastry or resealable plastic bags. Cut a small hole in the corner of the bag and insert a decorating tip. Reinforce the seal between the bag and…

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Fast Potato Fans

With one hadn holding the vegetable and the spoons in place, use a sharp knife to slice the potato width-wise. The knife should touch the handles of the spoons at every slice, leaving the slices…

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Felt Christmas Coasters

Trace tree pattern on page 90. Using pinking shears to cut a 3-1/2-in. square piece if white felt. Glue white square onto a 4-in. square of blue felt. Cut out a tree using the tree pattern from…

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Festive Fruit Cascade

On a large tray or platter, arrange foil-covered Styrofoam circles in a staggered stack

In a cascading line, secure large clusters of green and red grapes, using greening…

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Festive Glass Vase Filters

Decorating for the holidays doesn’t have to be an expensive endeavor. Although there’s no denying the outstanding beauty of poinsettias, amaryllis and other Christmas flowers, the pretty plants…

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Festive Stars

Place 1 in. apart on ungreased baking sheets. Sprinkle with colored sugar. Bake at 400° for 6-7 minutes or until edges begin to brown. Remove to wire racks to cool.

Assemble by placing…

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Filling a Cupcake with Pudding

Cut a small hole in the corner of a pastry or plastic bag; insert a small round tip. Fill with pudding. Push the tip through the top of each cupcake. Squeeze pastry bag to fill cupcake, stopping…

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Filling and Frosting a Layer Cake

After the cake layers have completely cooled to room temperature, use a soft pastry brush to carefully remove any loose crumbs on the top and sides of each layer. Trim off any crisp edges with a…

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Filling and Frosting a Tube Cake

Cut a 1-in. slice off the top of the cake; carefully set aside. Using a very sharp knife, carve a 1-1/2-in. deep tunnel in the cake, leaving a 3/4-in. wall on all sides. Carefully remove cake…

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Finish a Cake Roll

Cool cake in the pan for 5 minutes. Turn out onto a kitchen towel dusted with confectioners' sugar; gently peel off waxed paper. Roll up cake in the towel jelly-roll style, starting with a short…

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Fire-and-Ice Arrangement

Pour coarse sugar or sea salt into a shallow serving bowl. Place pillar candles of varying heights on top, making sure they sit securely in the sugar or salt. Then tuck in a few small pinecones…

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Flatten Flake Steak

Using a sharp, long knife, cut steak horizontally from the long side to within 1/2 in. of opposite side.

Open steak so it lies flat; cover with plastic wrap. Flatten to 1/4-in. thickness…

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Flattening Chicken Breasts (Option 1)

Place boneless chicken breasts between two pieces of waxed paper or plastic wrap or in a resealable plastic bag. Starting in the center and working out to edges, pound lightly with the flat side…

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Flattening Chicken Breasts (Option 2)

Hold sharp knife parallel to cutting board and along one long side of breast; cut almost in half, leaving breast attached at one side.

Open breast so it lies flat; cover with plastic wrap.…

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Flowering Party Favors

Give guests mini versions of the daffodil centerpiece by making these coordinating party favors. Be sure to begin this project about a week in advance.

Start by spray painting a 3-in. clay…

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Foam Cake Tips

Foam cakes are done when the top springs back when touched and the cracks at the top of the cake look and feel dry.

If your tube pan has legs, invert the pan onto its legs until the cake is…

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Foiled by Fudge

When making fudge, you can simply butter or grease the pan with non-stick cooking spray to prevent the candy from sticking. But many recipes suggest first lining the pan with foil for additional…

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Folding in Ingredients

To fold a lighter mixture into a heavier one, use a rubber spatula to gently cut down through the middle of the ingredients. Move across the bottom of the bowl and bring up part of the heavier…

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Food processor Sorbet

You'll want a food processor to make this luscious, fruity sorbet. Sugar helps keep it from freezing into hard cubes of ice and also helps produce its wonderfully smooth texture, so don't…

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Food Safety - Keep It at the Right Temperature

Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. Cooked foods and uncooked foods that require require refrigeration should only be left at room temperature for up to 2 hours and only 1 hour if it is a hot…

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Food Safety - Keep It Clean

Before handling any food, thoroughly wash your hands in hot soapy water. Make sure all work surfaces, cutting boards, knives and any other utensils have been cleaned in hot soapy water. And,…

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Food Safety - Keep It Separate

Don't cross-contaminate foods, which means allowing the juices of raw meats, poultry and fish to come in contact with other foods. Reusing a cutting board, countertop, sink, plate, knife or other…

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Food Safety Tip

Purchase several different colored plastic cutting boards. Use a different color for different items, such as green for fruits and vegetables, yellow for poultry, red for meat.

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fool-proof fondant

Lightly dust a smooth work surface with confectioners' sugar to prevent sticking. Roll out fondant to the cake's size. To keep fondant from sticking lift and move it as you roll.

Gently lift…

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Forming a Puff Pastry Crust

On a parchment paper-lined baking sheet, unfold puff pastry sheet and form a 10-in. square, using a rolling pin if necessary. With a ruler, measure 2 in. from one edge in several places and mark…

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Forming Coconut Washboard Cookies

With your hands, shape 1-in. balls of dough into 2-1/2-in. x 1-in. rectangles. Using a floured fork, press the tines lengthwise across the dough, giving it a washboard look.

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Forming Fan Rolls

Score each of the rectangles width-wise at 2-in. intervals. Carefully fold the dough accordion-style back and forth along the score lines until you reach the end.

Cut the folded dough into…

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Forming Fortune Cookies

Spread 1 tablespoon batter over each 3-1/2-in. circle on a parchment paper-lined baking sheet. Bake as directed.

Slide parchment paper onto a work surface. Cover one cookie with a kitchen…

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Forming Neapolitan Bars

Weighing down Neapolitan Bars overnight with a cutting board helps the jam sink into the layers so they will hold together when they are cut. Be sure to use a cutting board that is large enough to…

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Forming Parker House Rolls

Roll out to 1/2-in. thickness. Cut with melted better. Using the dull edge of a table knife, make an off-center crease in each roll. Fold along crease.

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Forming Pretzels

Roll each piece of dough into a 15-in. rope and taper the ends. Shape rope into a circle with about 3 in. of each end overlapping.

Twist ends where they overlap.

Flip the twisted ends…

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fortune-telling fun

Have a little harmless fun on Halloween by pretending to predict the futures of your party guests with these game ideas: melted wax game. Cut wax candles into small pieces; place some pieces on a…

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Freeze Fresh Strawberries

Wash and place fresh berries, whole or cut-up, on a parchment paper-lined cookie sheet. Freeze until frozen. Then transfer to heavy-duty freezer bags that have been labeled and dated for longer…

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Freezer Jam

Bring all ingredients to a full rolling boil.

Remove pan from heat and skim off the foam.

Ladle hot jam into a freezer container using canning funnel.

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Freezing Herbs

You can freeze chopped herbs in freezer containers or bags and just use the amount you need directly from the freezer.

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Freezing Homemade Waffles

For fast homemade freezer waffles, bake and cool on a wire rack; freeze in a single layer on a baking sheet. When frozen, store in heavy-duty freezer bags. When ready to use, pop into the…

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fresh-as-a-daisy table toppers

All you need are Gerbera daisies in the color of your choice, a few simple craft supplies and clear glass footed containers. Using containers of various heights will add depth and interest to your…

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Friendship Bookmark Favors

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.105.

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Frosting a Cake on a Serving Plate

Before transferring cooled cake layers to the plate, cut waxed paper into narrow strips and place around the plate's edges. Center the cake on the plate over strips. When you're finished frosting,…

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Frosting Cupcakes in a Flash

To quickly frost cupcakes, place frosting in a bowl. The frosting should be soft spreadable consistency. If it is too stiff, add milk a teaspoon at a time until it reaches desired consistency.…

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frosting sunny flower cake

Tint frosting as desired; generously spread over tops of cupcakes. Pipe on additional frosting to define the flower petals and center. Decorate as desired.

Place one cupcake in the center of…

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Fudgy Cheesecake Moons

Place the caramel ice cream topping in a resealable plastic bag; cut a small hole in one corner of the bag. Pipe caramel topping over cream cheese layer in vertical lines about 1 in. apart. Use a…

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Full-Flavor Packets

Grilling with foil packets lets you make individual meals you can tailor to suit a variety of tastes. To create the packets swiftly:

Center one serving on a double thickness of heavy…

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Garnishes for Beverages

An artful presentation adds to the pleasure of socializing with a refreshing beverage. With simple garnishes, a delicious drink becomes a party! Try enhancing the next round with these…

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Get in the Omelet Action

Whisk eggs with 1 tablespoon water per egg. Cook over medium-high. As eggs set, push cooked edges toward center, letting the uncooked portion flow underneath.

When eggs are set, add filling…

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Giant Molasses Cookies

Shape into 2-inc. balls and roll in coarse sugar. Place 2 1/2-in. apart on ungreased baking sheets. Bake at 400º for 16-18 minutes or until tops are cracked. Remove to wire racks to cool.

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Gift-Wrapped Bread

Here's a simply stunning way to present a gift of fresh-baked bread at Christmas. Purchase, wash and dry an inexpensive kitchen towel. Use it to wrap a cooled loaf of bread. Tie with a little bit…

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Gingerbread Boy Invitations

Using a clean gingerbread cookie cutter, cut several pieces of brown fun foam into rectangles slightly larger than your cookie cutter. Firmly press the cookie cutter into the center of each…

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Girolle How-To

Mount chocolate roll on girolle according to manufacturer's directions. Alternating between room temperature and refrigerator as needed to bring roll to correct temperature, rotate cutter over…

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Give it a try! Souffles

Don't let souffles intimidate you. Follow these easy tips, and you'll soon be able to master this technique.

Coat your baking dish with cooking spray and lightly sprinkle with bread crumbs…

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Give it Flair - Cake Decorating Tips

To keep the cake stand clean while frosting, line the edge with 3-in. strips of waxed paper. Center the first cake layer over the strips. When finished frosting, carefully remove strips on piece…

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Give Paper Crafters Fortune Cookies!

What could be more fun at a card-making party than fortune cookies, with their little paper messages tucked inside? You can easily dress up fortune cookies for Christmastime with this quick idea…

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Giving Thanks Gourds

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.117.

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Glass Block Pedestals

To give an icy feel to our Fire-and-Ice buffet table (without adding a blast of cold!), we used ordinary glass blocks to display Mulled Merlot and salad greens and Balsamic Honey…

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Glass Jar Chandelier

First, find a metal cooling rack with a square grid. Next, gather some twine, thin gauge wire, scissors, wire cutters, and an assortment of small jars (we used glass baby food containers). Clean…

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Glazing Petits Fours

Place a wire rack over a sheet of waxed paper. Arrange petits fours on rack, leaving space between each. Spoon glaze over the top and sides, allowing excess to dip off. When glaze is dry, repeat…

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Gnocchi Know-How

Rice the potatoes and sprinkle with flour. Make a well and pour in egg, salt and seasonings.

Roll the dough into four ropes and cut each rope into 3/4-in., thimble-sized…

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Good Turkey Gravy

To avoid lumpy gravy, first make a roux (pronounced "roo"), which is a mixture of flour and fat (in this case, butter), that's cooked over low heat and used to thicken sauces. A roux can be white,…

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gorgeous glass ornaments

Remove the cap of the ornament; set aside. Roll ribbon pieces, a stamped plastic circle or foam stickers around a pencil; slip inside the ornament. Add artificial snow if desired; replace cap. You…

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Gorgeous Greens

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.127.

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Grating Citrus Fruit

The peel from citrus fruit adds a burst of flavor to recipes and color to garnishes. Citrus peel, also called zest, can be grated into fine shreds with a Microplane grater. For slightly thicker…

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Greasing a Grill

To oil a hot grill grate to prevent foods from sticking, fold a paper towel into a small pad and moisten it with cooking oil. Holding the pad with long-handled tongs, rub it over the grate.

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Green-eyed Monster cupcakes

Snip a very small corner ( 1/16 in) from the bag with the vanilla frosting. Pipe a dot of vanilla frosting in the center of each marshmallow and attach the chocolate-coated mint. Pipe a small…

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Greens Preparation

Wash in cool water. Greens may need several changes of water to remove all the grit that gets trapped in the coarse leaves. They can be spun in a salad spinner to remove water or drained in a…

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Grilling With Ease

For easy grilled asparagus: Thread blanched or steamed asparagus onto parallel metal or soaked wooden skewers and grill, uncovered, over medium heat for 2 minutes on each side or until…

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Grind beef

Freeze 1 pound of chuck roast for about 15 minutes. (This keeps the meat from turning into mush.) Cut meat into 1/2-to-1-inch cubes.

Put into the food processor and give it 20 to 22 pulses…

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Halving a Winter Squash

With their hard shells, winter squashes can be difficult to cut in half. Here's a method that doesn't rely just on strength. Use a rubber mallet and a large knife, such as a French chef's knife.…

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haunted house cupcakes

Ingredients for Haunted House Cupcakes

Draw a template of a spooky tree; place template under a sheet of waxed paper. Snip a small corner from the bag with the melted candy. Pipe an outline…

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Heart-Shaped Candy Dish

Dust a 9-inch heart-shaped pan with cornstarch and set aside.

In a bowl, combine sugar, water and food coloring; mix with hands until the consistency of wet sand.

Firmly pack into…

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Hearts and Arrows Chocolate Garnishes

Trace the design several times on a piece of paper. Place the paper on a baking sheet and cover with waxed paper.

Melt semisweet, milk, vanilla or white chocolate. The amount of melted…

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Heavenly Illuminated Centerpieces

Gather a variety of your favorite fresh or artificial flowers. We chose blooms in shade of white and cream, but pick flowers that best match your tableware, party them or color scheme of the…

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Herb Potato Chip

Peel an Idaho or Russet potato and slice it paper-thin with a mandolin.

Line a baking sheet with parchment paper and spray with cooking spray. Place potato slices flat on the…

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Hint: Stir-Fry

Select a skillet or wok big enough to accommodate the food you'll be stir-frying. If food is crowded, it'll steam. If needed, stir-fry food in batches.

Chop and measure all ingredients,…

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Holly Cake Shines

I used a simple brush embroidery technique to decorate the Festive Holly Cake for our family Christmas dinner. I learned this at a beginner cake-decorating class. But it is something anyone can…

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Homemade Flatbread In Just Three Steps

After letting the dough for the flatbread wraps rise until doubled, use your fist to punch it down.

Next, turn the dough onto a lightly floured surface; divide into four portions. Roll each…

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Homemade marshmallows

With mixer on low speed, stream hot cooked syrup slowly into bowl, combining it gradually with the softened gelatin.

Beat on high speed until mixture is thick and volume has doubled—about 15…

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Homemade tortillas

Divide the dough into 1-1/2-inch balls.

Flatten and roll each into a 7-inch circle with a rolling pin.

Cook tortillas in a greased skillet, 1 minute on each side.

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How to Bake Meatballs & Meatloaves

Place shaped meatballs on a rack in a shallow baking pan. Bake at 400° until no longer pink, about 20 minutes for 11/2-in. meatballs

For meat loaf, insert an instant-read thermometer in…

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How to Blanch

In a large saucepan or Dutch oven, bring a large amount of water to a boil. Boil vegetables for time given in Vegetable Cooking Chart or recipe.

Drain and immediately place vegetables in…

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How to Braid a Filled Bread

Spread the filling down center of rectangle. On each long side, cut 3/4 to 1-in. wide strips, about 1/2 in. from filling.

Starting at one end, fold alternating strips at an angle across…

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How to Braid Breads

Place three ropes almost touching on a baking sheet. Starting in the middle, loosely bring the left rope under center rope. Bring the right rope under new center rope and repeat until you reach…

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How To Braise

Season and coat the meat with flour as the recipe directs. In a Dutch oven, brown the meat in oil in batches. To ensure nice browning, do not crowd the meat.

Set meat aside and cook…

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How to Braise Foods

Pour a small amount of oil into a Dutch oven. Heat over medium-high heat until hot. Pat the food dry and dredge in flour if the recipe directs. Brown the food in batches and don’t overcrowd the…

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How To Camelize Onions

Slice root of top of onion; cut in half. Peel and slice. Use a large, heavy skillet so the onions are not crowded. Heat oil in the pan over medium heat; add the onions and stir yo coat

Cook…

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How to Carve a Butt Half Ham

The butt half of a ham is very meaty, but can sometimes be a challenge to carve since part of the bone is buried within the meat. Here are some tips that will have you carving your ham like a…

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How to Carve a Leg of Lamb

Cut a few 1/4-in. slices on the thin side of the leg and remove to a platter. Turn the roast over so it rests on the cut surface.

Hold roast steady by using paper towels around bone with one…

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How to Carve a Rib Roast

To serve a roast with rib bones, place the bones to one side of the cutting board. Hold the meat steady with a meat fork. Using a carving knife, slice between bones, following along the curve of…

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How to Carve Standing Rib Roasts

To carve a standing rib roast, place meat on a cutting board with large side down and rib bones to one side. Make a 1- to 2-in. cut along the curve of the bone to separate the meat.

Slice…

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How to Check a Pot Roast for Doneness

A pot roast is done when a long-handled fork can be inserted easily into the thickest part of the roast. If the pot roast is cooked too long, the meat becomes overcooked, stringy, tough and…

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How To Chiffonade

For a pretty presentation, make long, even strips of leafy herbs and vegetables like basil, sage and spinach with this technique. Stack the leaves neatly in the same direction, then roll the stack…

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How to Chop Onions

To quickly chop an onion, peel and cut in half from the root to the top. Leaving root attached, place flat side down on work surface. Cut vertically through the onion, leaving the root end uncut.…

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How to Cold-Water Test Candy

Is it done? Use a metal spoon to drizzle some of the boiling candy mixture into a cup of cold tap water. If you don’t have a candy thermometer to accurately gauge temperature, this is your best…

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How to Complete Doneness Test for Steaks

To test a steak for doneness, insert an instant-read thermometer horizontally from the side, making sure the reading is from the center of the meat.

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How to Cook Spaghetti Squash

Halve the squash; discard seeds. Place cut side down in a greased baking dish; bake at 350° 45-60 minutes or until shell can be pierced easily with a fork. Cool slightly. Use a fork to…

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How to Core a Pear

To core a fresh pear from the bottom, insert an apple corer into the pear's bottom to within 1 in. of the top. Twist the corer to cut around the core, then slowly pull the corer out of the pear to…

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How to Core an Apple

Use an apple corer to core a whole apple. Push apple corer down into the center of a washed apple. Twist and remove the center seeds and membranes.

You can also core an apple by slicing it…

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How To Core Lettuce

Hold the head with both hands and firmly hit the head, core side down, against your countertop. Then twist the core and it should come right out.

To clean the lettuce, run water into the area…

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How to Crack & Clean Cook Hard-Shell Crab

Twist off claws and legs. Use a nutcracker or crab mallet to crack the joints and shells and pick out meat with a seafood fork.

Place the crab upside down on its top shell. Using your hands,…

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How to Crack & Clean Cooked Whole Lobster

Twist off claws. Pull off small pincer and discard. Use a nutcracker, lobster cracker or crab mallet to crack the large claws.

Twist off the legs at the body, crack the shells and push out…

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How to Create a Gummy Worm Ice Ring

To keep punch cold during your party, chill it with a gummy worm ice ring. Here's how:

Fill a ring mold halfway with water. Freeze until solid. Top with gummy worms; add enough water to…

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How to Create a Lattice-Topped Pie

Make pastry for a double-crust pie. Roll out bottom crust from the larger piece of dough and use it to line a 9-in. pie plate; trim to 1 in. beyond edge. Roll out smaller ball of dough to a 12-in.…

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How to Create Cheesecake in a Slow Cooker

Place a greased 6-in. springform pan on a double thickness of heavy-duty foil (about 12 in. square). Wrap foil securely around pan.

Pour 1 in. water into a 6-qt. slow cooker. Layer two…

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How to Create Cookie-Cutter Pie Crust Trim

Use for a single-crust pie. Make dough for a double-crust pie. Trim pastry evenly with edge of pie plate. Roll out the remaining pastry to 1/8-in. thickness. Cut out with 1-in. to 11/2-in.…

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How to Create Rope Edge Pie Crust

Use for single- or double-crust pie. Trim pastry to 1/2 in. beyond edge for single- and 1 in. for double-crust pie. Turn overhanging pastry under to form rolled edge. Make a fist with one hand…

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How to Create Ruffled Edge Pie Crust

Use for single- or double-crust pie. Trim pastry to 1/2 in. beyond edge for single- and 1 in. for double-crust pie. Turn overhanging pastry under to form rolled edge. Position thumb and index…

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How to Create Simple Frosting Finishes

Peaks: Smooth frosting over the top and sides of cake. With a tablespoon or icing spatula, press a flat side into the frosting and pull straight up, forming a peak. Repeat over top and sides of…

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How to Cut a Chicken into Quarters

Using a large knife or kitchen shears, carefully cut out and remove backbone.

Resting the tip of the knife on the cutting board, cut through the breastbone in a firm motion. Spread chicken…

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How to Cut the Kernals from Corncobs

Stand one end of the cob on a cutting board. Starting at the top, run a sharp knife down the cob, cutting deeply to remove whole kernels. One medium cob yields 1/3 to 1/2 cup kernels.

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How to Cut Up a Whole Chicken

Pull the leg and thigh away from the body. With a small, sharp knife, cut through the skin to expose the joint.

Cut through joint, then cut skin around thigh to free leg. Repeat with other…

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How to Cut Up Fresh Pineapple

Cut off crown of the pineapple. Stand fruit upright and cut off the rind using a sharp knife. Cut off the base.

Follow the pattern of the eyes to cut diagonal wedge-shape grooves in…

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How to Determine Placement for Candy Thermometer

For accurate temperature readings, your candy thermometer should be attached to the side of the saucepan but should not touch the bottom of the pan.

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How to Dice a Mango

Wash fruit. Lay fruit on the counter, then turn so the top and bottom are now the sides. Using a sharp knife, make a lengthwise cut as close to the long, flat seed as possible to remove each…

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How to Dice and Cube Vegetables

Using a utility knife, trim each side of the vegetable, squaring it off. Cut lengthwise into evenly spaced strips. The narrower the strips, the smaller the pieces will be. Dicing results in…

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How to Dice Zucchini

Using a sharp chef’s knife, cut off the ends. Then cut a thin slice off the bottom to create a flat surface. Slice zucchini lengthwise into 1/4-in. planks. Lay slices flat and cut lengthwise into…

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How to Disguise a Cracked Pie

Chocolate! It's the perfect coverup. Melt together 1 cup chocolate chips and 3/4 cup heavy whipping cream, stirring until smooth. Pour over cooled pie and chill until set. Hint: You really ought…

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How To Do The Pretzel Twist

Roll each of the 16 pieces of dough into a 15-inch rope and taper the ends.

Shape each rope into a circle with about 2 in. of each end overlapping.

Twist the ends where they…

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How to Dust with Sugar

When a recipe calls for dusting baked items with some confectioners' sugar, use a mesh tea ball. It works beautifully and keeps the excess sugar dust to a minimum.

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How to Easily Peel Tomatoes

Wash and core tomatoes. Place tomato in boiling water 30 seconds. Immediately plunge into ice water.

Carefully remove skin with a sharp paring knife.

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How to Flatten a Pork Roast

Make a lengthwise cut in center of roast to within 1/2 inch of bottom. Open roast so it lies flat. Cover with plastic wrap and flatten the meat to 3/4-inch thickness.

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How to Flatten Chicken Breasts

Place the boneless chicken breasts between two pieces of waxed paper or plastic wrap or in a resealable plastic bag. Starting in center and working out to edges, pound lightly with the flat side…

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How to Form Gnocchi

Roll the dough into four ropes. Cut into 1-in. pieces.

Before cooking, press each piece between your thumb and a floured fork to make grooves for catching butter or sauce.

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How to Form Parker House Rolls

Roll out dough to 1/2-in. thickness. Cut with a floured 2-1/2-in. biscuit cutter. Brush with melted butter. Using the dull edge of table knife, make off-center crease in each roll. Fold along…

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How To Freeze Pretzels

Place cooled pretzels in resealable plastic freezer bags. Store in freeze. To use, thaw at room temperature or, if desired, microwave each pretzel on high 20-30 seconds or until heated through.

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How to Fry Foods

Pour about 1/2 in. oil into a skillet. Heat over medium-high heat until hot. The oil is ready when it shimmers (gives off visible waves of heat). Never leave the pan unattended, and don’t…

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How To Grill a Whole Salmon Fillet

Prepare the salmon according to the recipe, leaving the skin on (this makes it easier to remove the fish from the grill). Lightly oil the hot grill to prevent sticking, then place the whole…

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How To Halve a Chicken

Using a large knife or kitchen shears, carefully cut out and remove the backbone.

Resting the area near the tip of the knife on the cutting board for leverage, cut through the breastbone in…

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How to Hull Strawberries

Use a strawberry huller or the tip of a serrated grapefruit spoon to easily remove the stem/hull. Just insert the tip of the spoon into the strawberry next to the stem and cut around the stem.

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How To Judge Doneness of Hollandaise

Egg-rich sauces and custards are fully cooked when the mixture is thickened and coats the back of a spoon. To determine doneness, dip a spoon in the mixture and run your finger across the back of…

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How To Keep Guacamole Green

To keep the dip nice and green, just cover it with a little water. The extra layer shields it from oxygen and banished browning. In an airtight container, use a spoon to flatten the surface of…

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How to Knead Dough for Rolls

Stir: It's a wet dough - and that's the goal. Use a rubber spatula for extra-easy cleanup.

Fold: Folding the dough sends fresh air to the yeast and creates gluten structure. Trust us, both…

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How to Knead, Shape and Bake Yeast Breads

Shape dough into a ball on a lightly floured surface. Fold top of dough toward you. With your palms, push dough with a rolling motion away from you. Turn dough 1/4 turn; repeat folding, kneading…

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How to Level Layer Cakes

Stacking layers for a layered cake is easier when the layers are level. When the cake is cook, use a long serrated knife to slice the high spot from the bottom layer of a two-layer cake or the…

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How to Line a Baking Pan with Waxed Paper

To easily remove cake from a pan, consider lining the pan with waxed paper. Place pan on a piece of waxed paper. Trace the shape of the pan onto the waxed paper, then cut out. Grease the pan;…

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How to Loosen Cheesecakes from the Pan

To prevent cracks during cooling, it’s important to loosen the cheesecake from the sides of pan after baking. First cool the cheesecake on a wire rack for 10 minutes. Then carefully run a table…

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How to Make a Bread Bowl for Dip

You can't go wrong with a dip container that's both attractive and edible! First cut a thick slice off the top of the bread. Cut around the perimeter of the bread, about 1/2 inch from the…

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How to Make a Crepe

Spoon 2 to 3 tablespoons crepe batter into hot skillet.

Lift pan to gently swirl the batter so it evenly coats the skillet.

Once top appears dry, turn crepe over. With a non-metal…

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How to Make a Pocket in a Pork Chop

With a sharp knife, make a horizontal slit in the middle of the pork chop by slicing from the edge almost to the bone.

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How To Make a Spice Bag

Use a spice bag or sachet to contain spices, citrus peel, bay leaves or other items and then discard them after they’ve flavored the recipe. Place the seasonings on a double thickness of…

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How to Make a Strawberry Fan

Place firm ripe berries with stem down on a cutting board. With a sharp knife, make cuts 1/8 in. apart through each berry to within 1/8 in. of stem.

Use your fingers to gently spread apart…

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How to Make a Streusel-Filled Coffee Cake

Spoon about a third of the batter into a greased pan. Sprinkle with a third of the streusel mixture. Repeat layers twice. Or layer streusel as directed in recipe.

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How to Make a Stuffed Chicken Roll

Spread stuffing in center of flattened chicken breast.

Roll up jelly roll-style, tucking in sides. Secure with toothpicks.

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How to Make a White Sauce

Whisk flour into melted butter over medium heat until mixture becomes smooth.

Gradually whisk milk into mixture until blended. Bring mixture to a boil; cook and stir 2 minutes or until…

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How to Make an Ice Bowl

Place ice cubes over the bottom of a 2-1/2- or 3-qt. bowl. Center a 1-1/2- or 1-qt. bowl on top of the ice cubes. Weigh the smaller bowl down with ice cubes or a can of frozen juice. Place…

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How to Make an Omelet

Heat oil or butter in a 10-in. nonstick skillet over medium- high heat. Add the egg mixture (mixture should set immediately at edges). As eggs set, push cooked edges toward the center, letting…

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How to Make Bias/Diagonal Cuts

Holding a chef’s knife at an angle to the length of the food, slice as thick or thin as desired. This technique is often used in stir-fry recipes.

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How to Make Biscuits

Stir dry ingredients with a fork to evenly distribute the baking powder or soda. For a tender biscuit, be careful not to overmix or overknead the dough.

For cutout biscuits, cut with a…

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How to Make Chick Stock & Soup

Remove excess fat from chicken. Place chicken, vegetables and seasonings in a stockpot and cover with cold tap water.

Bring to a boil, uncovered, over low heat. Skim foam as it rises to the…

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How to Make Cream Puffs

Bring water, butter, sugar and salt to a boil in a saucepan. Add the flour all at once; stir briskly until the mixture leave the sides of the pan and forms a ball.

Remove from heat; let…

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How to Make Cutout Cookies

On a lightly floured surface with a lightly floured rolling pin, roll out chilled dough evenly to the thickness stated in the recipe. Roll from the center to the edges.

Dip cookie cutters in…

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How to Make Drop Cookies

Fill a teaspoon or tablespoon with dough. Use another spoon or small rubber spatula to push the mound of dough off the spoon onto a cool baking sheet. Place dough 2 to 3 in. apart or as recipe…

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How to Make Fettuccine

Cutting your own fettuccine is easy - and pretty fun to do! First, divide your large ball of pasta dough into six wedges - like a pie.

Shape into balls. Cover with plastic wrap and let rest…

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How To Make Julienne Strips

Using a utility knife, cut a thin strip from one side of vegetable. Turn so flat side is down.

Cut widthwise into 2-in. lengths, then cut each piece lengthwise into thin strips.

Stack…

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How to Make Lacey Parmesan Baskets

Spread shredded Parmesan evenly in heated crepe pan; add chopped nuts to melted cheese.

Cook over medium-high heat 1-2 minutes until edges are lightly brown; lift out of pan with…

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How to Make Meringue and Form into Cups

In a clean, dry metal or glass bowl with clean, dry beaters, beat egg whites, cream of tartar, vanilla and salt (as dictated in the recipe) on medium speed until foamy.

Add sugar, 1…

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How to Make Over-Easy Eggs

Break egg into a cup and gently slide into pan. Reduce heat to low. Cook slowly until whites are completely firm and yolks begin to thicken but are not hard. Carefully slide a spatula under egg…

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How to Make Pan Gravy

Pour pan drippings into a heat-resistant measuring cup along with any browned bits scraped from roasting pan. Skim fat.

Reserve 1/4 cup of the fat and place in a saucepan. Whisk in flour…

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How to Make Pie Crust in Food Processor

A food processor makes the first step a cinch. Simply pulse the shortening mixture for coarse crumbs.

The key to making a flaky crust is to avoid overmixing when adding ice-cold water to…

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How to Make Poached Eggs

Place 2-3 in. of water in a large skillet with high sides; add 1 tablespoon vinegar. Bring to a boil; reduce heat and simmer gently. Break cold eggs, one at a time, into a custard cup or saucer;…

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How to Make Poinsettias

Place decorator sugar in a shallow bowl; roll top edge of cupcake in sugar to form a decorative rim. Set aside.

Using clean kitchen scissors or a small sharp knife, cut gum into leaf shapes…

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How to Make Pretzel Bites

Divide and shape into eight balls; roll each into a 12-in. rope. Cut each rope into 1-in. pieces. Boil and top as directed; bake at 400° for 6-8 minutes or until golden brown. Makes 8…

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How To Make Pretzel Rolls

Divide shape into eight balls. Roll each into a 14-in. rope. Starting at one end of rope, loosely wrap dough around itself to form a coil. Tuck end under itself to form a coil. Tuck end under;…

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How to Make Single & Double-Crust Pie Pastry

Combine flour and salt in a bowl. With a pastry blender or two knives, cut in shortening until dough is crumbly (about the size of small peas).

Sprinkle 1 tablespoon ice-cold water over…

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How To Make Snowflakes

Place decorator sugar in a shallow bowl; roll top edge of each cupcake in sugar to form a decorative rim. Set aside.

With a pencil and paper, draw assorted snowflake designs. Melt candy…

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How To Make Snowman Cupcakes

Dip the top of each cupcake in course sugar; gently shake off excess sugar. For stovepipe hats, use a serrated knife to cut two narrow strips from opposite sides of each chocolate wafer. Large…

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How to Make Spaetzle

Place colander over boiling broth or water; press dough with a rubber spatula or wooden spoon until dough is forced through bottom of colander and falls into the boiling liquid. Cook as recipe…

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How To Make Stars

Place decorator sugar in a small shallow bowl; stir in miniature dragees if desired. (Dragees are not edible and are for decorative use only.) Roll top edge of each cupcake in sugar to form a…

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How to Make Yeast Breads using Rapid Mixing

In a large mixing bowl, combine flour (about 2 cups), sugar, active dry or quick-rise yeast, salt and any seasonings.

In a saucepan, heat the liquid ingredients (water, milk, honey,…

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How to Make Yeast Breads using Traditional Method

Heat liquid to 110° to 115° and check with a thermometer. Measure liquid, then pour into a large bowl. Add active dry yeast and stir until yeast is dissolved.

Add sugar, salt, fat,…

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How to Make Your Own Wingettes

Disjoint chicken wings to make your own wingettes. Place chicken wing on a cutting board. With a sharp knife, cut between the joint at the top of the tip end. Discard tips or use for making…

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How to Measure Bakeware

Use a ruler to measure the diameter, length or width of bakeware. Measure from one inside top edge to the opposite inside top edge.

For the height, measure on the outside of the pan from the…

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How to Measure Brown Sugar

Because of the moist texture of brown sugar, recipes call for it to be packed into a measuring cup for an accurate measurement. Press or pack brown sugar into a cup using your fingers or the back…

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How to Measure Bulk Dry Ingredients

Spoon bulk ingredients, such as dried cranberries, raisins, nuts or chips, into a measuring cup, then level the top.

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How to Measure Butter

The wrappers for these products come with markings for tablespoons, 1/4 cup, 1/3 cup and 1/2 cup. Use a knife to cut the desired amount.

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How to Measure Dry Ingredients

Spoon dry ingredients, such as flour, sugar or cornmeal, into a dry measuring cup over a canister or waxed paper. Allow ingredient to overflow the cup, then level the top.

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How to Measure Liquid Ingredients

Place the measuring cup on a flat surface and view at eye level for a standard liquid measure (some measuring cups allow for viewing from above). For easier pouring and cleanup, spray the…

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How to Measure Shortening

Press shortening from a can into dry measuring cups with a spatula to ensure that it is solidly packed without air bubbles, then level the top.

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How to Measure Sour Cream and Yogurt

Spoon sour cream or yogurt into a dry measure, allowing the mixture to mound a little. Level the top by sweeping a straight-edged spatula or knife across the rim of the cup.

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How to Mince and Chop

Holding the handle of a chef’s knife with one hand, rest the fingers of your other hand on the top of the blade near the tip. Using the handle to guide and apply pressure, move knife in an arc…

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How To Muddle a Drink

Place aromatic ingredients like citrus or herbs in the glass. Add a small amount of sugar or bitters. With a muddler, gently crush and bruise the ingredients until their aromas are released. An…

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How to Open a Pomegranate

Cut off the crown of the fruit and score in quarters, taking care not to cut into the red juice sacs (arils).

Place the sections in a bowl of water and soak for 5 minutes. With your fingers,…

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How To Peel an Eggplant

Cut the stem end off the eggplant, and, if desired, a small slice from the bottom so the eggplant can rest flat. Remove the peel with a vegetable peeler. Eggplant peel can be tough and bitter, and…

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How to Peel and Devein Shrimp

Start on the underside by head area to remove shell from shrimp. Pull legs and first section of shell to one side. Continue pulling shell up around the top and to other side. Pull off shell by…

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How to Peel Fresh Garlic

Using the blade of a chef’s knife, crush garlic clove. Peel away skin.

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How to Peel Fruits and Vegetables

Placing your thumbs on the fruit or vegetable, move the blade of a paring or utility knife toward you.

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How to Peel Peaches

Place peaches in a large pot of boiling water for 10-20 seconds or until the skin splits.

Remove with a slotted spoon. Immediately place in an ice-water bath to cool fruit and stop the…

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How to Peel Pearl Onions

Cut off the root end of each pearl onion. In a Dutch oven, bring 6 cups of water to a boil. Add pearl onions; boil 3 minutes.

Drain and rinse in cold water. Gently squeeze to pop the onion…

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How to Pit Peaches or Nectarines

Cut peach or nectarine in half, cutting around the pit and using the indentation as a guide.

Twist halves in opposite directions to separate. Using a sharp knife, loosen and remove pit.…

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How to Pre-Bake a Pastry Shell

After placing pastry in the pie plate and fluting edges, line unpricked shell with a double thickness of heavy-duty foil or parchment paper.

If desired, fill with dried beans, uncooked…

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How To Prepare & Freeze Compound Butter

Place butter on a square of parchment paper, mounding butter into a rough log shape.

Fold paper toward you, enclosing the butter. Press butter with a ruler to form a log, holding the edges…

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How to Prepare a Cake Pan

Grease the sides and bottom of the pan by spreading shortening with a paper towel over the interior of the pan.

Sprinkle 1 to 2 tablespoons of flour into the greased pan; tilt the pan to…

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How to Prepare Artichokes

Rinse artichokes well. Cut off stem at base of artichoke. Cut 1 in. from the top. With scissors, snip tip end of each leaf. Remove outer leaves. Rub cut ends of leaves with lemon juice to help…

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How to Prepare Asparagus

Rinse asparagus stalks well in cold water to clean. Snap off the stalk ends as far down as they will easily break when gently bent, or cut off the tough white portion. If stalks are large, use a…

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How to Prepare Brussels Sprouts

Remove any loose or yellowed outer leaves; trim stem end. Rinse sprouts. When cooking Brussels sprouts, cut an “X” in the core end with a sharp knife. This helps the sprouts cook more quickly…

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How to Prepare Chilies

Chili peppers contain a skin irritant called capsaicin. When handling chili peppers, wear rubber or plastic gloves and avoid touching your eyes or face, to prevent burning your skin or eyes. Wash…

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How to Prepare Garlic for Roasting

With a sharp knife, cut off the top of each head of garlic, exposing the cloves inside. Place in a small baking dish or wrap bulb in heavy-duty foil.

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How to Prepare Jars and Caps for Canning

Wash jars and caps in hot, soapy water; rinse thoroughly. Dry bands on a towel. Put jars in a large kettle with enough water to cover by at least 2 in.; boil for 10 minutes to sterilize. Turn off…

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How to Prepare Leeks

Remove any withered outer leaves. Trim root end. Cut off and discard the green upper leaves at the point where the pale green becomes dark green. Leeks often contain sand between their many…

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How to Prepare Mushrooms

Gently remove dirt by rubbing with a mushroom brush or a damp paper towel. Or quickly rinse under cold water, drain and pat dry with paper towels. Do not peel mushrooms. Trim stems. For shiitake…

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How to Prepare Mushrooms for Stuffing

Hold mushroom caps in one hand and grab the stem with the other hand. Twist to snap off the stem. Proceed as recipe directs.

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How to Prepare Pancakes

Pour the batter as recipe directs onto a hot griddle or skillet, making sure to leave enough room between pancakes for expansion.

Turn pancakes over when edges become dry and bubbles on top…

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How to Prepare Papaya

Wash fruit. Slice lengthwise in half. Scoop out seeds. The peppery seeds are edible but are generally discarded.

Peel papaya and slice or cube.

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How to Prepare Potatoes for Baking

Scrub with a vegetable brush under cold water. Remove eyes or sprouts. When working with lots of potatoes, peel and place in cold water to prevent discoloration. Before baking a whole potato,…

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How to Prepare Snow Peas

Rinse with cold water. Remove strings if desired. Cut off stem ends. Do not shell. If using raw, blanch before using.

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How to Press Crumbs into a Springform Pan

Use a flat-bottomed measuring cup or glass to firmly press the prepared crumb mixture onto the bottom (and up the sides if recipe directs) of a springform pan.

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How to Prevent Cream Puffs from Getting Soggy

If cream puffs or eclairs are filled too far in advance, the moisture from the filling will soak into the bottoms and make them soggy. They should be filled no more than 2 hours before…

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How to Prevent Weeping Meringue

If you have problems with meringue pies weeping—forming a watery layer between the meringue and the pie filling— try this easy trick. Before adding the sugar to the egg whites, combine 1 teaspoon…

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How to Proof Dough

The oven makes an ideal draft-free rising box. Try these two methods to proof yeast dough.

Cover the bowl of dough with a clean kitchen towel. Place the bowl on the top rack in a cold oven.…

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How to Remove an Avocado Pit

Wash the avocado. Cut lengthwise in half, cutting around the seed. Twist halves in opposite directions to separate.

Slip a tablespoon under the seed to loosen it from the fruit.

To…

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How to Remove Bones from Chicken Breasts

Insert a small boning or paring knife between the ribs and breast meat. Pressing knife along bones, cut to remove meat. If desired, remove skin by pulling from breast meat.

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How to Remove the Core from Cabbage

Cut cabbage in half or into quarters. Use a sharp knife to make a V-shaped cut around the core and remove.

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How to Roast

Spread vegetables in a shallow-sided roasting pan, making sure that the vegetables are not crowded. Drizzle with oil and sprinkle with herbs or seasoning

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How to Roast Peppers

Arrange pepper halves skin side up or whole peppers on a broiler pan coated with cooking spray. Broil on the closest rack position to the heat without the peppers touching the heat source. Broil…

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How to roast vegetables

Cut veggies into uniform pieces so they cook evenly. If roasting several varieties at once, cut denser ones into smaller pieces so that everything will be done at the same time. Keep chopped beets…

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How to Roll & Fold Pastry Dough

After kneading the pastry dough and turning it onto a lightly floured surface, roll the pastry dough into a 12x10-in. oval or rectangle.

Fold one of the two short sides of the dough toward…

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How To Roll Strudel

Use parchment paper to help roll your strudel nice and tight. Just tuck the dough over the filling, start lifting the paper, and it will practically roll itself.

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How to Salt Eggplant

Salting eggplant draws out some of the liquid that carries bitter flavors. To salt, place slices, cubes, or strips of eggplant in a colander over a plate; sprinkle with salt and toss. Let stand…

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How to Saute Foods

Pour a small amount of oil into a skillet. Heat over medium-high heat until hot. For best results, the food should be cut into uniformly sized pieces and patted dry. Don’t overcrowd the pan. Stir…

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How to Score a Loaf of Bread

Slashing or scoring the top of a bread loaf allows steam to vent, helps to prevent cracking and gives bread a decorative appearance. With a sharp knife, make shallow slashes across top of loaf.

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How to Score and Stud Ham

With a sharp knife, make diagonal cuts in a diamond pattern about 1/2 in. deep in the surface of the ham. Push whole cloves in a decorative pattern in the diamonds. To easily insert whole cloves,…

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How to Scramble Eggs

Pour beaten egg mixture into prepared skillet. As eggs begin to set, gently move a spatula across the bottom and sides of pan, allowing uncooked eggs to flow underneath. Continue to cook eggs,…

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How to Season Turkey Under the Skin

With your fingers, carefully loosen skin from both sides of the turkey breast. Spread half of the mixture over the meat under the skin.

Smooth skin over meat and secure to underside of the…

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How to Section Citrus Fruit

Cut a thin slice off the bottom and top of the fruit. Rest the fruit, cut side down, on a cutting board. With a sharp paring knife, remove peel and white pith from fruit.

Hold fruit over a…

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How to Seed a Jalapeno Pepper

To reduce the heat of jalapenos and other hot peppers, cut the peppers in half; remove and discard the seeds and membranes. If you like very spicy foods, add the seeds to the dish you're making…

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How To Seed A Tomato

To seed a tomato, cut it in half. Using a teaspoon, scrape out the seeds.

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How To Seed and Slice (Peppers)

Bell Pepper

Holding the pepper by the stem, slice from the top of the pepper down, using a chef's knife. Use this technique to slice around the seeds when a recipe calls for julienned or…

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How to Separate Eggs

It is easiest to separate eggs when they're cold. Place an egg separator over a custard cup; crack the egg into the separator, which holds the yolk while the white drips through.

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How to Serve a Kiwifruit

For eating, cut an end off the fruit or cut it in half. Using a spoon, scoop out flesh.

For slices, wedges or cubes, cut both ends from fruit. Using a vegetable peeler, peel off the brown…

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How to Shape a Cheese Ball

Keep countertops and hands clean by spooning cheese mixture onto a piece of plastic wrap. Working from the underside of the wrap, pat the mixture into a ball. Complete recipe as directed.

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How to Shape a Coffee Cake Ring

Roll into a rectangle. Spread the filling evenly over dough to within 1/2 in. of edges. Roll up jelly-roll style, starting with a long side; pinch seam to seal.

Place seam side down on a…

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How to Shape Cloverleaf Rolls

Shape dough into equally sized balls as recipe directs, smoothing top by pulling edges underneath. In each greased muffin cup, place three balls, smooth side up.

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How to Shape Crescent Rolls

Roll dough into a circle as recipe directs. Cut into 12 wedges. Roll wedges up from the wide end. Place, pointed side down, 2 in. apart on a greased baking sheet. Curve ends to form a crescent…

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How to Shape Knot-Shaped Rolls

Shape dough into 3-in. balls. Roll each ball into a 10-in. rope. Tie into a knot, then tuck and pinch ends underneath.

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How to Shape Peanut Butter Cookies

Peanut butter cookie dough is generally a stiff dough and needs to be flattened before baking. Using a floured fork, press the balls of dough until 3/8 in. thick. Press again across the lines to…

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How to Shape Plain Dinner Rolls

Divide the dough into equally sized pieces as recipe directs. Shape each piece into a ball, pulling edges under to smooth top. Place 1-2 in. apart on a greased baking sheet. For pan rolls, place…

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How To Shape Pretzels

Shape dough into eight balls; roll each into a 24-in. rope. Curve ends of rope to form a circle; twist ends once and lay over opposite side of circle, pinching ends to seal. Boil and top as…

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How to Shape Regular Pretzels

Roll each piece of dough into a 15-in. rope and taper the ends. Shape each rope into a circle with about 2 in. of each end overlapping. Twist the ends where they overlap. Flip the twisted ends…

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How to Shape S-Shaped Rolls

Shape dough into 2-in. balls. Roll each ball into a 10-in. rope. On a greased baking sheet, coil each end in opposite directions until it touches in center, forming an S-shape.

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How to Shell Peas

Wash pods in cool water. Snap off stem end and pull string down. Open pod by running your thumb down the length of the seam and loosening the peas. Rinse peas before cooking.

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How to Shred Cabbage

To shred cabbage by hand, cut cabbage into wedges. place cut side down on a cutting board. With a large sharp knife, cut into thin slices.

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How to Shred Meat for Sandwiches

Remove meat from broth and place in a shallow pan to catch drippings. With two forks, pull meat into thin shreds.

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How to Shuck a Clam

Scrub under cold running water with a stiff brush. Place on a tray and refrigerate for 30 minutes. They will be easier to open.

Protect your hand by placing the clam in a clean kitchen towel…

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How to Shuck a Hard-Shell Clam

Scrub under cold running water with a stiff brush. Place on a tray and chill 30 minutes (they will be easier to open).

Protect your hand by placing the clam in a clean kitchen towel with the…

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How to Shuck Oysters

Scrub oysters under cold running water with a stiff brush. Place oysters on a tray and refrigerate 1 hour (they will be easier to open).

Protect your hands by wrapping the oyster, bigger…

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How to Slice Avocados

Cut into the ripe avocado stem to stern until you hit the seed. Repeat to cut the avocado into quarters.

Twist to separate.

Pull out the seed.

Pull the skin back like a banana…

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How to Slice or Chop a Sweet Pepper

Cut top and bottom off pepper and discard. Cut each side from pepper by slicing close to the center and then down. Scrape out seeds and discard.

Cut away any ribs.

Place cut side down…

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How to Snip Fresh Herbs

Hold herbs over a small bowl and make 1/8-in. to 1/4-in. cuts with a kitchen shears.

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How to Split a Cake into Layers

Using a ruler, mark the center of the side of the cake with a toothpick. Continue inserting toothpicks around the cake. Using toothpicks as a guide, cut the cake horizontally in half with a long…

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How to Squeeze Spinach Dry

Drain the spinach in a colander. If the spinach was cooked, allow to cool. With clean hands, squeeze the water out of the spinach.

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How to Steam

Place the vegetables in a steamer basket. Place in a saucepan over 1 in. of water. The water should not be touching the bottom of the steamer basket. Bring to a boil. Cover and steam for time…

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How to Steam Foods

Place a steamer basket or bamboo steamer inside a pan with water. Bring the water to a boil (the boiling water should not touch the steamer) and place food inside the basket; cover and steam. Add…

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How to Strain Stock or Broth

Remove meat and bones from stock. Line a colander with a double thickness of cheesecloth and place colander in a large heat-resistant bowl. Pour stock into the colander. Discard vegetables,…

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How To Stuff a Chicken

Tuck wings under chicken. Loosely stuff chicken with stuffing, allowing about 3/4 cup per pound of poultry. To ensure even cooking, do not overstuff the bird.

Tie the drumsticks together and…

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How to Stuff Bone-In Chicken Breasts

Work fingers under the skin to loosen and form a pocket.

Lightly fill each pocket with the stuffing mixture. Proceed with recipe.

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How to Stuff Eggs Using a Pastry Bag

Mash yolks with a fork. Mix in the remaining filling ingredients. Spoon the filling ingredients into whites or spoon filling into a pastry bag fitted with a #20 decorating tip. Pipe the filling…

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How to Stuff, Roast and Carve a Whole Turkey

Combine the stuffing ingredients as the recipe directs. Do not stuff the turkey until you’re ready to place it in the oven. Spoon the stuffing loosely into neck cavity.

Pull the neck skin…

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How to Tenderize Ribs

Tenderize ribs so the meat pulls easily from bones. First, place serving-size portions on a rack in a shallow baking pan. Cover tightly with foil and bake at 350° for 1 to 11/4 hours; drain.…

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How to Test a Cake for Doneness

Insert a toothpick in several spots near the center of the cake.

If the toothpick comes out clean, the cake is done. If the toothpick comes out with crumbs, the cake needs to bake longer.

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How to Test Baked Egg Dishes for Doneness

Test dishes that contain beaten eggs—quiches, stratas or custards—for doneness by inserting a knife near the center of the dish. If the knife comes out clean, the eggs are cooked.

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How to Test Burgers for Doneness

Cook beef, pork and lamb burgers to 160°; cook chicken or turkey burgers to 165°. To test for doneness, use tongs to hold burger while inserting instant-read thermometer horizontally from a…

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How to Test Custard Pies for Doneness

The most common doneness test for custard pies is to insert a table knife about an inch from the center of the pie. If it comes out clean, the pie is done. Or try the jiggle test. Gently shake the…

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How to Test Fish Fillets for Doneness

Overcooking dries out fish, so it’s important to know how to tell when fish is done. For fillets, check for doneness by inserting a fork at an angle into the thickest portion of the fish and…

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How to Test Foam Cakes for Coolness and Doneness

Foam cakes are done when the top springs back when touched and the cracks at the top of the cake look and feel dry.

If your tube pan has legs, invert the pan onto its legs until the cake is…

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How to Test Quick Breads for Doneness

Check doneness 10-15 minutes before the end of recommended baking time. If a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean, the bread is done. If it is not done, test again in a few more…

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How to Tie a Pot Roast

Tie It: Wrap kitchen string around your roast to give it a uniform shape. This helps it cook evenly.
Image 1G was used in TOH F/M 15 with Tie It.

Tie It Image 1a

Tie It Image…

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How to Top a Pie with Meringue

Meringue should be spread over hot, not cool, filling. The hot filling helps set the bottom of the meringue and minimizes weeping (a watery layer between the meringue and the filling). Spread…

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How to Unmold Gelatin Salads

Loosen the gelatin from the top edge of mold by gently pulling the gelatin away from edge with a moistened finger. Then dip the mold up to its rim in a sink or large pan of warm water for a few…

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How to Use a Handy Bench Knife

If you are a yeast bread baker, a bench knife is a great addition to your collection of kitchen tools. Use a bench knife to scrape yeast dough bits from the work surface, turn sticky doughs when…

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How to Use a Steel

Rest the tip of the steel on the work surface. Hold your knife at a 20° angle to the steel. Start with the heel of the blade against the steel and draw the blade up across the steel until you…

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How to Use Measuring Spoons

Measure dry ingredients, such as flour, sugar or spices, by heaping them into the spoon, then leveling the top. Pour liquid ingredients into a measuring spoon over a custard cup or small bowl to…

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How to Wash Berries

To wash berries, place them in a colander and gently spray with a sink sprayer. Then spread them out on paper towels and pat dry.

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How to Yule Roll

Whip: Fluffy egg whites are key to making this cake light and airy. Add sugar slowly to avoid weighing down your whites.

Roll: While the cake is still warm, roll it into a log. (The towel…

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How to: Decorating Cheesecake Slices

Turning each piece of cheesecake into a treat on a stick is easier than you might think. Just refer to the photos here!

After cutting the cheesecake into 12 slices, gently insert a wooden…

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How To: Fill Angel Food Cake

Insert toothpicks an inch from the top of the cake on all sides as a guide for your knife.

Slice the top off the cake with a serrated knife.

Cut the outline of the tunnel with a small…

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How To: Making Meringue for Pavlova

Pear & Maple Cream Pavlova features a light-as-air layer of meringue that forms the base for the cream filling and pears. When making he meringue, refer to the helpful how-to photos…

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How To: Quick Decorating (Cookies)

Want fancy cutouts fast? Whisk 2 cups confectioners' sugar with 1/3 cup evaporated milk to create a quick icing you can use for the decorating ideas here:

Cut a small hole in a corner of a…

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How-to Candy is Dandy Table Decoration

Buy a few inexpensive tall glass jars at a craft, dollar or department store. (You might even have some around your house!) To save money, buy your candy in bulk. Select a variety of colors and…

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How-To Care For A Cast-Iron Skillet

Keeping tools in top shape keeps 'em at the ready. Cast-iron skillets conduct heat so food cooks uniformly. With use, you may notice food sticking - it's time to reseason the pan. Seasoning is the…

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How-to create a table-top herb garden

Potted herbs in small containers serve as place cards and party favors for friends and family. (In addition to a name tag, you may want to add a marker indicating what type of herb it is and how…

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How-To Curl Chocolate for Cakes and Pies

If you have a solid block of chocolate, use a vegetable peeler to peel off curls, allowing them to fall gently onto a plate in a single layer. (If you get only shavings, warm the chocolate…

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How-To Dice Zucchini

Using a sharp chef's knife, cut off the ends. Then cut a think slice off the bottom to create a flat surface. Slice zucchini lengthwise into 1/4-in. planks.

Lay slices flat and cut…

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How-to Dry Fruit

Remove from the heat; skim off foam. Ladle hot mixture into hot sterilized half-pint jars, leaving 1/4-in. headspace. Remove air bubbles; wipe rims and adjust lids. Process for 5 minutes in a…

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How-To Dry Herbs

Simply snip off healthy branches and remove the leaves from the bottom inch of the stem. Bundle several stems together with string or a rubber band, and hang upside down in a warm, airy room.…

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How-To Fill A Pastry Bag

Holding the pastry bag with one hand while using the other hand to fill it can be tricky. Instead, do this: Secure the frosting tip and coupler on the pastry bag. Place the bag's tip into a…

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How-to Flower Napkin Folding

Place settings get a new look.

Open a napkin flat. Hold two adjacent corners and fold the napkin in half with the corners slightly askew.

Take the center of the fold and pull it…

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How-to Freeze Herbs

Whether from the garden or grocery store, herbs tend to leave leftovers. happily, they're easy to freeze for later use. Simply chop herbs and fill the sections of an ice cube tray with…

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How-To Frying Basil

Instructions not available

Instructions not available

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How-to make a cherry blossom beauty centerpiece

Use fresh cherry blossoms (if available) or use silk blossoms on wire branches. With a wire cutter

Set a side some of the wire branches and wrap some of the extra wire branches around…

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How-to make a citrus arrangement

Fill vases with lemons and limes. For the candleholder, place a lemon slice in a small glass container and set a votive candle on top. Place the fruit- and candle-filled vases down the length…

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How-to make a pattern on a cake

Lay a doily over the top of the cake. Place confectioners' sugar in a small metal sieve and evenly dust over the cake. Lift eh doily straight up, leaving the pattern on the cake.

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How-to make a Spools-of-Thread Centerpiece

Pick up spools of thread in coordinating colors at your local craft store. Set the spools of thread in small saucers. Place a few daisies inside each spools. (The daisies can last for hours…

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How-To Make Fresh Spring Rolls

Soak spring roll wrapper in cool water for 1 minute. Place wrapper in front of you so it's in a diamond position. Spoon 1 Tbsp. of filling near the bottom corner of the wrapper.

Fold bottom…

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How-To Make Knot-Shaped Rolls

Roll each thawed dinner roll into a 9-in. rope on a lightly floured surface. Tie each rope into a knot as shown above. Tuck and pinch ends under. Place rolls 2 in. apart on greased baking sheets.…

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How-to Make Scented Fire Starters

In a large saucepan, combine all ingredients. Bring to a boil

In a large saucepan, combine all ingredients. Bring to a boil; cook for 15-18 minutes or until thickened, stirring…

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How-to Make Turkey Stock

Place 1 leftover turkey carcass (from a 12- to 14-lb turkey); 2 medium onions, cut into wedges; 2 celery ribs, cut into 1-in. pieces; 2 medium carrots, cut into 1-in. pieces; an 6 peeled garlic…

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How-to make two tone chocolate curls

To create pretty two-toned chocolate curls to garnish a dessert, pour a layer of melted dark chocolate candy coating into a narrow plastic container. Let stand until set. Carefully pour melted…

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How-To Petite Pear Purses

Roll out dough and cut as recipe directs. Spoon filling into center of each square. Bring two diagonal corners of pastry over filling and pinch together at point.

Repeat with remaining two…

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How-To Piping Lattice

With pastry or plastic bag, pipe four evenly spaced diagonally lines across the top of the cookies. Lines should be about 1/2 inch apart.

Pipe frosting around the top edge of cookie in a…

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How-to stain glass windows for Gingerbread church

Fig.1: Place a piece of the church that has window openings on the parchment paper-lined baking sheet. Use a small spoon to sprinkle crushed candles into the opening.

Fig. 2: While the…

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How-To Store Basil in Water

No instructions available

No instructions available

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How-To Stripping Herbs

No Instructions Available

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How-to twist lattice

Roll out dough into a 12-in. circle. With a fluted pastry wheel, pizza cutter or sharp knife, cut dough into 1/2-in.- to 1-in.-wide strips.

Gently twist each strip loosely and lay it across…

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How-To Yule Log Cookies Process

Info to follow

Cut rope into x logs. (follow edited recipe for number) Cut the ends of each log on the diagonal. Attach the dough scraps on top of the log with a little beaten egg white to…

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How-To's Refrigerate Herbs

Keep-It Fresh Produce Bags from IMCG no only work, they're affordable, too. Our fresh herb mix stayed green in one for two weeks. Plus, each bag can be reused 10 times.

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Hulling Strawberries

Use a strawberry huller or the tip of a serrated grapefruit spoon to easily remove the stem/hull. Just insert the tip of the spoon into the strawberry next to the stem and cut around the stem.

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ice cream freezer

Sherbets are lighter that ice creams, richer than sorbets and smoother than granitas. Sherbets call for an ice cream freezer. If you have space, store the cylinder in your freezer so it's always…

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Indian Corn Centerpiece

Place glue dots near the top and bottom on one side of an ear of corn. Press the corn onto the outside of the candle sleeve or vase. Continue to adhere ears of corn all the way around the vase,…

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Indian Corn Place Marker

Add festive color to each place setting at your Thanksgiving table. Wrap wribbon around an ear of miniature Indian corn. With a fine-point marker, write a guests name on a dried bay leaf. Tuck the…

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Jazz 'em Up with Crushed Candies

We used 6 ounces of white baking chocolate, one tube (16.5 ounces) refrigerated sugar cookie dough, 2/3 cup all-purpose flour and 1/2 cup crushed candy (about six candy canes). Yield = 2-1/2…

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Key Steps To Torte

Use the back of a spoon to press the raspberries through a sieve.

Place toothpicks around a cake layer as a guide when splitting with serrated knife.

Use a pastry brush to spread the…

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Kneading, Shaping, and Baking Yeast Bread

Turn dough onto a lightly floured surface; shape into a ball. Fold top of dough toward you. With palms, push with a rolling motion away from you. Turn dough a quarter turn; repeat motion until…

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Lasagna Magic: How To Assemble Individual Lasagnas

Here's how to assemble individual lasagnas. One double-wide noodle is all it takes per serving.

Place the end of a cooked noodle in a mini casserole dish. Top with filling.

Fold the…

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Lattice Pie Crust

Line bottom of a 9-in. pie plate with half the pastry for a double-crust pie and add filling. Roll remaining dough into an 11-in. circle. Cut 1-in.-wide strips using a knife or pizza cutter.…

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Layered Cake Is Doubly Delightful

The torte looks luscious when two cake layers are sliced into four layers and spread with sweetened whipped cream. But you don't have to split hairs to split the cakes into layers. Just follow…

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layering phyllo nests

Layer three 4-1/2-inch squares of spritzed phyllo dough on alternating angles s corners do not overlap one another. Gently press into muffin cup. Sprinkle with sugar and spritz with…

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Lemon Cake Roll

Cool cake in the pan for 5 minutes. Turn out onto a kitchen towel dusted with confectioners’ sugar; gently peel off waxed paper. Roll up cake in the towel jelly-roll style, starting with a short…

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Lemon Wheels

To make lemon wheels, use a citrus stripper, large zester or sharp paring knife to make evenly spaced vertical stripes around a lemon. Cut the lemon into 1/8-inch slices. Make one cut from the…

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Leveling Cake Layers

Stacking layers for a layered cake is easier when the layers are level. When the cake is cool, use a long serrated knife to slice the high spot from the bottom layer of the two-layer or the…

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Lightbulb Place Markers

Ignite memorable discussions about Christmases past by using old-fashioned Christmas tree lightbulbs as dazzling place cards.
First paint the lightbulbs in colors that complement your table…

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Lighted Wine Bottles

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.37.

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Lining a Baking Pan with Foil

To easily remove bars and brownies from the pan, first line it with foil. Cut a piece of foil that is piece of foil that is larger than the pan. Turn the pan upside down and mold the foil around…

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Lining a Baking Pan with Waxed Paper

To easily remove cakes from the pan, consider lining the pan with waxed paper. Place pan on a piece of waxed paper. Trace the shape of the pan onto the waxed paper, then cut out. Grease the…

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Lion cupcake how-tos

Using round tip #10 and yellow frosting, pipe a pear shape on a green-frosted cupcake to form the lion's body.

Using round tip #5, pipe P shapes on each side of widest part of body for rear…

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Liquefying Ice in a Blender

Chill and thicken beverages with ice by placing all ingredients except ice in blender. Cover and process on high until blended. With the motor running, remove feeder cap in the center of cover and…

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Loosening the Cheesecake

To prevent cracks during cooling, it's important to loosen the cheesecake from the sides of the pan after baking. First cool the cheesecake on a wire rack for 10 minutes. Then carefully run a…

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Luminous Lantern Centerpiece

Bring the light of the Christmas season to your table with lanterns and candles.

Purchase lanterns in two different sizes in a color that coordinates with your dishes. Remember that an odd…

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magical crystal ball

8-inch frosted ceiling globe light fixture. Remove the globe from the base. Place the base on your table; center at 18-inch square of crushed velvet over the top. Turn on a small flashlight or…

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Make a Citrus Bowl

Thinly slice citrus fruit. Here we used oranges, lemons and limes. Line 10-ox. ramekins with plastic wrap. Dip each citrus slice in sugar syrup, then place in the ramekin. Overlap slices, making…

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Make a Heart Chain Design

Place a dot of icing equally spaced around a cookie. Starting in the center of one of the dots, drag a toothpick through the center, forming a heart. Repeat with each dot while icing is still wet…

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Make a Newspaper Bow

Cut newspaper strips into desired width and various lengths. Form loops by folding ends of strip inward toward the center of strip; staple. Create small, medium and large looped strips; staple…

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Make a Pompom

Line up a trio of yarn–red, fuchsia and pink–and create a dozen or so casual loops; wrap tail of yarn around center twice. Gather the loops and fold upward, wrapping the tail of the yarn around…

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Make Angel Place Cards

After baking cut out cookie flip cutouts so their flat sides are up. Cut a purchased shortbread cookie in half. Spread the top of shortbread cookie with some icing; attach to body area of…

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Make Basket-Weave Lid

Cut light-green strips of ribbon just long enough to wrap around and slightly inside the lid of a gift box. Secure the ends of the ribbon to the inside of he lid with a hot glue gun. Cover lid…

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Make Mini Cake Stand

Start with a "award" rosette from a hobby shop as a base. Cut slightly smaller circles out of colorful scrapbooking paper with pattered-edged scissors. apply the paper circles to the back side of…

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Make Peppermint Lolllipops

Heat: Cook and stir candy ingredients over medium heat until sugar is dissolved. Bring to a boil and cook, without stirring, until the candy thermometer reads 300º.

Pour: After tint is…

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Make Phyllo Triangles

1. Place a rounded teaspoonful of filling in lower corner of each strip. 2. Fold dough over filling, forming a triangle. 3. Fold triangle up, forming another triangle. Fold triangle over and…

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Make Special Plate

Use a clear glass plate with a smooth back (pictured here is an 8-in plate). Remove any stickers from back of plate and wash plate to remove smudges or fingerprints. Cut a 10-in. square of 100%…

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Make Sunrays

These can be made in advance and stored in an airtight container with sheets of waxed pear between layers. On parchment lined baking sheets, drizzle/pour hot syrup into zigzag patterns. Let stand…

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Make Tempura Rolls

Cover sushi mat with plastic wrap as directed in recipe. Spread nuts evenly over plastic wrap, then spread cooked rice evenly over nuts.

Arrange filling ingredients in a tight pile in the…

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Makeover Chocolate Truffle Dessert

Prepare brownie batter according to package directions. Spread into a greased 9-in. springform pan. Place on a baking sheet. Bake at 350° for 25-30 minutes or until a toothpick inserted near…

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Makeshift Double Boiler

If you don't have a double boiler, you can create your own using a metal bowl and a saucepan. The bowl should partially (not completely) fit into the saucepan. Fill the saucepan with enough water…

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Making a Candy Corn Clay Pot

With a ruler and pencil, mark a line 2 inches from top rim and 1-1/2 from bottom of pot. Center rubber band over each line.

Base coat bottom and top sections and inside of rim with white…

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Making a Caramel Custard

Place sugar in a heavy saucepan over medium-low; heat the sugar until melted, about 10 minutes. Do not stir. When sugar is melted, reduce heat to low. Cook, stirring constantly, with a metal…

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Making a Cheesecake Crumb Crust

Place cookies or crackers in a heavy-duty resealable plastic bag. Seal bag, pushing out as much air as possible. Press a rolling pin over the bag, crushing the cookies or crackers into fine…

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making a Chili Ristra

Select red and green chili peppers.

Cut a long length of twine (lo-%0d%0an-g, about 10 feet or so.) Double the twine and tie a knot at one end. Begin making a series of slipknots with your…

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Making a Chocolate Basket

Set one end of the candy-coated pretzels around outer edge of bowl cover, resting the other ends against the side of the bowl. Pour or spoon melted candy coating into the plastic cover until it…

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Making a Flower-Shaped Coffee Cake

Divide dough into thirds and roll each piece into a 12-in. circle. Place one on prepared pan. Brush with a third of the butter. Sprinkle with a third of the filling. Repeat layers.

Pinch…

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Making a Foil Pouch

Place the soaked wood chips on a large piece of heavy-duty foil.

Bring up two edges over the center of chips and fold down twice.

Fold the side edges over twice.

Poke holes in…

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Making a Heart-Shaped Coffee Cake

Roll dough into a 15-in. x 10-in. rectangle. Brush with melted butter. Spread filling to within 1/2 in. of edges. Roll up jelly-roll style, starting with a long side; pinch seams to seal. Fold…

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Making a Herb Bouquet

Gather a selection of herbs for drying and wrap them into a bundle. Herbs with low-moisture content work best, such as Bay, Dill, Marjoram, Oregano, Rosemary, Summer Savory…

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Making A Ice Ring

You can use whatever size and shape tube cake pan or gelatin mold you have on hand. (For the ice ring shown hear, we used an 8-in. star tube pan.) For this layered look, add water to the pan;…

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Making a Pastry Crust for Cheesecakes

Prepare crust according to recipe directions. Remove the bottom from a springform pan. Pat about half of the dough onto the bottom of a springform pan. Or, if recipe directs, roll out half of…

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Making a Pocket in a Pork Chop

Use a sharp knife to cut a pocket in a pork chop. Make a horizontal slit in the middle of the chop by slicing from the edge almost to the bone.

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Making a Poinsettia Garnish

A poinsettia garnish is a great way to add color to a dish during the holidays. Here's how to make it:

Place six fresh basil leaves in a circle with the stems towards the center. Cut five…

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Making a Quick Bread with a Stirred Batter

When a quick bread is made with liquid fat (melted butter or oil) the fate, eggs and any liquid are first combined, then stirred into the dry ingredients.

In a large bowl, combine dry…

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Making a Souffle

Temper the egg yolks by stirring a small amount of hot filling into egg yolks; return all to the pan, stirring constantly.

After adding the sugar, beat egg white mixture on high speed just…

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Making a Special Presentation

Slice and Bake Orange Spice Wafers go great with a cup of tea. To give them as an in expensive gift, place the wafers in a cellophane bag and tie with a bow. Set inside a tea cup. (Look for unique…

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Making a Spice Bag

Keep spices together so they can be removed from a saucepan or Dutch oven by placing them on several layers of cotton cheesecloth that has been cut into 3-in. squares. Bring up corners of cloth…

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Making a Sponge Cake

Beat egg yolks in a mixing bowl until they begin to thicken. Gradually add 3/4 cup sugar, beating until the mixture is lemon-colored. Blend in flavorings. Sift together flour and salt

In…

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Making a Strawberry Fan

Place firm ripe berries with stem down on a cutting board. With a sharp knife, make cuts, 1/8 in. apart through the berry to within 1/8 in. of the stem.

Use your fingers to gently spread…

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Making a Streusel-Filled Coffee Cake

Spoon about a third of the batter into greased pan. Sprinkle with a third of the streusel mixture. Repeat layers twice. Bake as directed.

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Making a Swirl Bread

Place the dark dough rectangle over the light dough rectangle.

Roll up tightly and pinch seams and edges to seal.

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Making A Truffle Topiary

Insert long unwrapped end of dowel into center of floral foam in painted clay pot.

Center clay pot on top of tulle netting. Bring netting up around sides of clay pot to cover.

Push…

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Making a Tulip Centerpiece

Place small container in center of a large clear glass container and wrap colored raffia around to fill space between containers.

Add flowers to small container, allowing stems to rest on…

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Making a Twist-Top Bread

For a two-loaf recipe, divide dough into four pieces. Roll into 15-in. ropes.

For each loaf, twist two ropes together, pinch each end to seal and place in pans.

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Making a Water Bath

Place a baking dish in a larger baking pan or dish, then place on rack in oven. Using a kettle or large measuring cups, carefully pour hot or boiling water into larger pan or dish. Fill…

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Making a White Sauce

Start a white sauce by whisking flour into melted butter over medium heat until mixture becomes smooth.

Gradually whisk milk into mixture until blended. Bring mixture to a boil

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Making Almond Petits Fours

Place a wire rack over a large sheet of waxed paper. The waxed paper will help keep the countertop clean. Using a candy fork, gently dip petits fours, one at a time, into warm glaze. Lift out of…

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Making an Ice Ring

Fill a ring mold halfway with water. Freeze until solid. Top with your choice of fruit. Add lemon leaves if desired. Add enough water to almost cover fruit. Freeze until solid.

Unmold by…

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Making an Icing Bag

To make a quick icing bag, take a small heavy-duty freezer bag and fill with icing; seal bag. Push icing into one corner of the bag. Cut a small tip from the corner.

Gather the bag just…

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Making an Omelet

Beat eggs, milk and any seasonings. Heat oil or butter in a 10-in. nonstick skillet over medium heat. Add eggs; cook until partially set. Lift edges, letting uncooked egg flow…

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Making and Shaping Biscuits

Combine all dry ingredients with a fork. With a pastry blender or two knives, cut shortening into flour until mixture resembles coarse crumbs.

Make a well in the center of the crumb mixture.…

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Making and Shaping Pie Pastry

Combine flour and salt in a bowl. With a pastry blender or two knives, cut in shortening until the mixture resembles coarse crumbs (the size of small peas.)

Sprinkle 1 tablespoon of cold…

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Making Angel Wings

To create wings, lightly mark center of 12-in. side. Roll up jelly-roll style to the center mark, starting with a short side)peeling paper away, if necessary, while rolling). Repeat from other…

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Making Apple Strudel

Place the first sheet of phyllo on a large piece of parchment paper on a smooth, dry work surface. working quickly, layer the phyllo sheets over each other, brushing with butter between each…

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Making Bias/Diagonal Cuts

Holding a chef's knife at an angle to the length of the food, slice as thick or thin as desired. This technique is often used in stir-fry recipes.

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Making Brioche

Shape dough into equal numbers of large and small balls (about 2-1/2 in. and 1 in).

Place large balls in greased muffin cups. Using the end of a wooden spoon handle make a deep indentation…

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Making Cheesecakes in Advance

Cool and creamy cheesecakes are a rich, filling dessert that feed a crowd. So, usually no other dessert is needed. Best of all, cheesecakes can be made in advance, meaning there's one less thing…

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Making Chicken Stock and Soup

Remove the excess fat from the cut up chicken. In a kettle or Dutch oven, combine chicken, vegetables, cold, water and seasonings.

Bring to a boil over low heat. Skim foam as it rises to…

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Making Chili Ristra

copy to be added upon pub completion

copy to be added upon pub completion

copy to be added upon pub completion

copy to be added upon pub completion

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Making Chocolate Bark

Chocolate bark adds a unique texture to this Yule Log. Here's how to make it. Spread melted chocolate on a parchment paper lined baking sheet. Chill for 30 minutes. Use your hands to break into…

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Making Chocolate Cups

With a clean, new paintbrush, evenly brush the melted chocolate inside the foil muffin cup liner. Chill until set; repeat.

When the chocolate cups are chilled and set, carefully peel off the…

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Making Chocolate Dessert Cups

Pour melted chocolate onto a circle of waxed paper. Chill 3-4 minutes. With waxed paper side down, drape circle over inverted custard cup. Chill for 10 minutes before removing paper.

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Making Chocolate Leaves

Wash several lemon, rose or mint leaves and set aside until completely dry. Melt 1/2 cup chips - semisweet, milk, vanilla or white - and 1/4 teaspoons shortening. With a new small paintbrush,…

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Making Cream Puffs

Bring water, butter and salt to a boil in a saucepan. Add the flour all at once; stir briskly until the mixture leave the sides of the pan and forms a ball.

Remove from heat; let stand for…

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Making Cream Soups

Melt butter in a saucepan over low heat; stir in the flour until well mixed. Cook and stir until the mixture is thick and bubbly.

Remove from the heat and gradually stir in broth. Return to…

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Making Crepes

Lightly coat an 8-in. nonstick skillet with nonstick cooking spray; heat over medium heat. Pour about 2 tablespoons of batter into center of skillet.

Lift and tilt pan to evenly coat bottom.…

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Making Crescent Shape Cookies

Shape rounded teaspoonfuls of dough into 2-1/2-in. logs, then bend slightly to form the crescent shape.

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Making Cutout Cookies

For easier handling, chill dough for 1 to 2 hours before rolling out. Lightly flour the surface and rolling pin. Roll out dough as evenly as possible to the recommended thickness.

Dip the…

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Making Drop Cookies

Fill a teaspoon or tablespoon with dough. Use another spoon or small rubber spatula to push the mound of dough off the spoon onto a cool baking sheet. Place dough 2 to 3 in. apart or as recipe…

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Making Elegant Chicken Roll-Ups

Place a chicken breast inside a resealable plastic bag or under plastic wrap. Lightly pound chicken with a meat mallet to flatten evenly.

Place desired filling (about 2-3 tablespoons) in the…

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Making Fire-and-Ice Centerpiece

Place greens, pinecones, balls and beads in the freezer-safe container.

Carefully add distilled water to within 1 inch of the top of the container. Freeze until solid.

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Making Ham and Broccoli Puffs

For easy assemble of Ham and Broccoli Puffs, moisten the edges of the pastry squares with egg wash, then bring up the opposite corners over the filling: pinch seams to seal.

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Making Homemade Noodles

Place flour and salt in a mixing bowl or on a floured surface. Make a well in the center; add eggs and water.

Mix until well blended; gather mixture into a ball. Turn onto a floured surface.…

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Making Homemade Tortillas

Roll out each ball of dough into an 8-inch circle (dough will be very thin).

Cook tortillas, one at a time, in an ungreased skillet for about 30 seconds on each side or until lightly…

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Making Ice Cream Bowls

Drop 2 tablespoons batter into a hot pizzelle maker; cook until both sides are golden brown. (Follow manufacturer’s directions for more details.)

Drape hot pizzelle over inverted custard…

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Making Ice Cream in a Bag

Place the sealed bag with the milk mixture into a larger plastic bag that contains the ice and salt. Place in another large resealable plastic bag; seal.

Shake and knead the bag for 5-7…

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Making Italian Easter Bread

WITH your hands, gently separate ropes of dough. Tuck dyed raw eggs into the openings. Cover and let rise until doubled, about 40 minutes. Bake as directed.

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Making Madeleine Cookies

BRUSH Madeleine pans with melted butter. Dust with flour; tap pans to remove excess. Fill pans two-thirds full with batter; bake as directed.

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Making Meat Loaf and Meatballs

In a large bowl, combine all ingredients except the ground beef. Crumble the meat over the mixture. With a sturdy spoon or by hand, gently combine ingredients. Shape into a loaf or place in a…

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Making Meatballs of Equal Size

Lightly pat meat mixture into a 1-in.-thick rectangle. Cut the rectangle into the same number of squares as meatballs in the recipe.

Gently roll each square into a ball.

Or if you have…

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Making Meatballs with Cookie Scoop

For meatballs to cook evenly, it's important for them to be the same size. The easiest way to do this is by using a 1- or 1-1/2-inch cookie scoop. Scoop the meat mixture and level off the top.…

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Making Meringue Cups

In a large mixing bowl, beat the egg whites, cream of tartar, vanilla and salt on medium speed until the egg white begin to increase in volume and soft peaks form. To test for soft peaks, lift…

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Making Meringue Peaks

Make easy work of this fancy decorating technique by using an offset spatula to create the peaks. Gently touch the spatula to the meringue and then quickly pull it back. The meringue will come to…

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Making Muffins

In a large bowl, combine dry ingredients with a fork.

Beat eggs and combine with liquid ingredients.

Make a well in the dry ingredients and pour egg mixture into the well all at one…

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Making Natural Egg Dyes

Onion Skin Dye. To make dye from yellow onion skins, place several skins in a large pot of water. Bring to a boil; let cool and discard skins.

Based on the number of onion skins used…

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Making Pan Gravy

Pour pan drippings into a heat-resistant measuring cup along with any browned bits scraped from roasting pan. Skim fat.

Reserve 1/4 cup fat and place in a saucepan. Whisk in flour until…

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Making Persimmon Pulp

To prepare persimmon pulp, puree the ripe seeded fruit (peeling is optional) in a blender or food processor, then strain through a sieve.

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Making Phyllo Triangles

Place 1 teaspoon of filling in lower corner on each strip. Fold dough over filling, forming a triangle.

Fold triangle up.

Fold triangle over, forming another triangle.

Continue…

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Making Pots O' Gold

Spoon the melted chocolate into a pastry or plastic bag fitted with a #3 round tip. Pipe the chocolate onto the waxed paper, using the outline on the paper beneath as your guide. Chill, then fill…

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Making Quick Bread with a Creamed Batter

When a quick bread is made with solid fat, like softened butter or shortening, the fat and sugar are first creamed together. Then the eggs, dry ingredients and any liquids are added. This method…

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Making Red Radish Rosettes

With a small paring knife, slice off the stem so the radish rests on the cutting board with its root standing straight up. Cut a V into the top of the radish, removing the root. Cut two more V's…

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Making Rose Napkin Blossoms

For "leaves," fold a green square napkin in half diagonally to make a triangle. Fold again to make a smaller triangle; set aside.

For “roses,” fold a square napkin in half diagonally to make…

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Making Sandwich Cookies

Spread filling over the bottoms of half of the cookies. Place another cookie over the filling, bottom side down.

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Making Scones

Most scone recipes suggest patting the dough into a circle. For proper baking, be sure the circle meets the dimensions noted in the recipe.

Cut the dough into wedges with a dough scraper or…

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Making Slashes on Top of a Loaf

Slashing or scoring the top of a bread loaf allows steam to vent, helps prevent cracking and gives bread a decorative appearance. With a sharp knife, make shallow slashes across top of loaf.

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Making Soft Bread Crumbs

Tear several slices of fresh white, French or whole wheat bread into 1-in. pieces. Place in a food processor or blender; cover and push pulse button several times to make coarse crumbs. One slice…

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Making Spaetzle

Beat eggs and salt in a mixing bowl. Gradually stir in flour and milk. Bring broth or water to a boil in a large saucepan, Spoon dough into a metal colander with large holes or into a spaetzle…

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Making Spinach Herb Twists

Divide dough in half. Roll each portion into a 12-in. x 10-in. rectangle. Melt the remaining butter; brush over dough. Spread spinach mixture over dough to within 1/4 in. of edges. Fold each…

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Making Strawberry Spiders

To make two dozen, round up 96 pretzel sticks; 12 fresh strawberries; 1/2 cup chocolate chips, melted; and 48 miniature semisweet chips.

For each spider, set four pretzels parallel. Remove…

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Making Strudel

Cover a smooth dry work surface with a piece of plastic wrap that is larger than the phyllo sheets. Place first sheet of phyllo on the plastic wrap. Working quickly, layer the phyllo sheets over…

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Making Stuffed Potatoes

Cut a lengthwise slice from the top of each potato. With a spoon, scoop potato pulp from the slice and the inside of the potato, leaving a 1/4-in. shell. Discard skin from slice. Mash the pulp and…

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Making Sugared Fruit

Working with one piece of fruit at a time, lightly brush gelatin mixture over entire surface with a pastry brush. Place on a wire rack over waxed paper.

With a spoon, sprinkle superfine…

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Making Swirls with Refrigerator Cookie Dough

Spread filling over dough to within 1/2 in. of edges. Carefully roll up jelly-roll style, starting with a long side.

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Making Tabletop Trees

Wrap each cone with parchment paper, using straight pins to secure.

Wrap jute string and raffia around cone in a spiral pattern until desired look is achieved. Let dry.

With a table…

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Making Tart Crust

Place dough on a piece of waxed paper. Lightly flour the dough, and roll it into a circle.

Carefully invert the dough into a prepared tart pan, and gently peel off the waxed paper.

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Making Teddy Bear Paws

With a kitchen scissors, cut each piece two times from pinched seam to about 1 in. from folded side. Push an almond sliver into the end of each section for bear claws.

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Making the Container

Using a small spatula, spread a thin, even coat of the remaining chocolate around the sides of pan. Chill for 5 minutes. Repeat until there is no more chocolate remaining.

Carefully remove…

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Making the Harvest Centerpiece

Place candles of different shapes and heights into selected compartments of a divided container.

Fill compartments with assorted natural materials.

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Making Two-Tone Spritz Cookies

These pretty, bicolored spritz add a touch of sophistication to any dessert tray...and they're easy to make! Make six logs from the chocolate dough and six logs from the vanilla dough. (Each log…

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Making Vegetable Relishes

If you plan to prepare a lot of relish, make the chopping easier by using a food processor or a food grinder with a coarse grinding blade. Seed large zucchini or cucumbers before…

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Making Yummy Mummy Calzones

Form the bread dough into a rounded triangle shape and score a 4-in.-wide rectangle in the center. On each long side, cut 1-in.-wide strips at an angle up to the score line. Layer toppings in the…

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Making Zucchini Ribbons

Trim ends from zucchini. Use a vegetable peeler to make long thin strips from the zucchini.

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Marbling Batters

To marble batters, spoon one batter in a random pattern over the other batter. Cut through the batter with a knife. Be careful not to overdo it, or the two batters will blend together and you'll…

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Mardi Gras Mask Invitation

What better way to unveil your Mardi Gras plans than on a Mardi Gras mask! Purchase masks that allow you to write on the back that fit into business-size envelopes.

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Marinating Tips

When basting with marinade, reserve some for basting before adding the meat to the remaining marinade. Discard the marinade from the meat.

Brush on thick or sweet sauces during the last…

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Marshmallow Flower Petals

With kitchen scissors, cut pastel marshmallows in half. Dip each cut side in colored sugar. Arrange marshmallow petals on cupcakes, forming flowers.

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Marshmallow Pops

As your chocolate starts to cool, it may be easier to spoon over the marshmallows.

Easily coordinate these treats for any holiday party or get-together by changing the color of your…

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Marshmallow snowmen hats

To easily form hats, place a chocolate-dipped marshmallow in the center of each chocolate circle (as the recipe directs). Let them stand until the chocolate is set.

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maui-inspired turkey breast roll

Overlap the flattened turkey breasts. Rub butter, minced garlic and sage over the turkey. Top with prepared stuffing.

Roll up the turkey jelly-roll style, starting at the short side and…

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Measuring Bakeware

To measure your bakeware's diameter, length or width, use a ruler and measure from one inside top edge. To measure the height, place a ruler on the outside of the dish and measure from the bottom…

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Measuring Bulk Dry Ingredients

Spoon bulk dry ingredients such as cranberries, raisins or chocolate chips into the measuring cup. If necessary, level with a spatula or flat side of a knife.

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Measuring Dry Ingredients

For dry ingredients such as flour, sugar or cornmeal, spoon ingredients into a dry measuring cup over a canister or waxed paper. Fill cup to overflowing, then level by sweeping a metal spatula or…

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Measuring Liquid

Place a liquid measuring cup on a level surface. For a traditional liquid measuring cup, view the amount at eye level to be sure of an accurate measure. Do not lift cup to check the level. Some…

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Measuring Shortening

Press shortening into a dry measuring cup with a spatula to make sure it is solidly packed without air pockets. With a metal spatula or flat side of a knife, level with the rim. Shortenings come…

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Measuring Sour Cream and Yogurt

Spoon sour cream and yogurt into a dry measuring cup, then level top by sweeping a metal spatula or flat side of a knife across the top of the cup.

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Measuring Stick Butter

The wrappers for sticks of butter come with markings for tablespoons, 1/4 cup, 1/3 cup and 1/2 cup. Use a knife to cut off the desired amount.

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Measuring Tip

Never measure over the batter because some my spill, adding too much to the batter.

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Melon Swan Fruit Bowl

Attach pattern to melon with masking tape.

Trace only the side wing portion of pattern.

Cut four tall peaks to form tail.

Cut and remove rind in small sections.

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Melted Chocolate Is a Sweet Garnish

Dress up dessert plates in a dash with simple chocolate garnishes that are sure to melt hearts. The two-tone designs are the perfect plate decoration for individual slices of Raspberry Mousse Pie.…

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Melting Chocolate

Break or chop large pieces of chocolate so it will melt more evenly. Melt chocolate in a dry heavy saucepan over low heat; stir until smooth. Even small amounts of water will cause the chocolate…

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Meringue Basket

In a mixing bowl, beat the egg whites, cream of tartar and salt until soft peaks form. Gradually add sugar, 1 tablespoon at a time, beating on high until stiff peaks form. Beat in…

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Merry Mosaic Trees

For how-to see HCA_2008, p.15.

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Mexican Lasagna in No Time

In a large skillet, cook onion and garlic in oil over medium heat until tender.

Stir in chicken and enchilada sauce. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer, uncovered, for 5 minutes or until…

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Mincing and Chopping

To mince or chop, hold the handle of a chef's knife with one hand, and rest the fingers of your other hand on the top of the blade near the tip. Using the handle to guide and apply pressure, move…

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Monkey cupcakes

Kids' little fingers are just the right size for placing pieces. To keep them interested in assembly, vary the jobs so that they aren't always doing the same thing.

Give your kids artistic…

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Muffin Test for Doneness

Use a kitchen timer. Check for doneness 5-7 minutes before the end of the recommended baking time to avoid overbaking. Muffins are done when a toothpick inserted near the center comes out…

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No-Fuss Gravy Making

After pouring drippings in a measuring cup or fat separator, skim the fat, reserving 2 tablespoons. Add enough broth to drippings to measure 2 cups.

Combine flour and reserved fat in a…

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No-Knead Harvest Bread

Move oven rack to lowest position with cast iron skillet on rack. Pull bottom rack out by 6-8 inches

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No-Wobble Stuffed Eggs

Here's a technique to prevent stuffed eggs from wobbling on a serving tray. After peeling the hard-cooked eggs, cut them in half the long way. Then trim a thin slice from the bottom of each half.…

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North Pole Party Favors

For the base, paint the wooden wheel red or green; let dry.

Twist two different color chenille stems together to make the post. Fold one end of the twisted chenille stems up about 1/4 in.…

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Ocean Cake Decorating Tips

To create ocean waves, smooth frosting first. Then use the back of a spoon to make a small twisting motion in one direction. Next, move spoon over slightly and make another twist the opposite way.…

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One-of-a-Kind Snowflakes

Sprinkle on coconut and edible glitter to make snowflake cookies really shimmer.

Decorating How-to

Frost each snowflake cookie with canned vanilla frosting, and then immediately sprinkle…

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Opening a Pomegranate

Cut off the crown of the fruit and score in quarters, taking care not to cut into the red juice sacs or arils (also referred to as seeds).

Place the sections in a bowl of water and soak for…

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Orange you spiky cupcakes

Holding the foil liner of the slightly frozen cupcake, dip the top of the cupcake up to the liner in the melted frosting. Use a spoon to add more frosting if necessary. Allow the excess frosting…

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oven dried fruit

Wash fruit and cut into thin slices.

Arrange friut on parchment lined baking sheet. Fruit should be evenly spaced and not touching.

Instructions will be added upon completion of…

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Over Easy Eggs

Heat butter in a nonstick skillet over medium-high heat until it's hot and foamy. break eggs and gently slide into pan, one at a time. Reduce heat to low immediately. Cook slowly until…

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Painting with Egg Yolks

In a small bowl combine egg yolk, water and food coloring. With a small new paintbrush, decorate the unbaked cookies, then bake as directed. If the glaze thickens, stir in a few drops of…

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Paper Candy DIsh Party Favors

With a pencil, trace the pattern on tracing paper. Cut out the pattern on a 6-in. square of heavy double-sided scrapbook paper. Using a 1/8-in. hole punch, make holes where shown on the pattern.…

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Paper Clip Stop Knots

To prevent the knot from slipping when making a loop on the Candy Pacifiers, place a paper clip on ribbon about 1 inch above top of pacifier; tie a knot. Remove paper clip. Tie ends of ribbon into…

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Parboiling Peppers

Bring water to a boil in a Dutch oven or soup kettle. Cook seeded whole peppers until crisp-tender, about 2-3 minutes depending on the size of the pepper. Remove from the water with tongs and…

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Pastel Tea Cookies

Cut a small hole in the corner of a pastry or plastic bag. Insert a round tip; fill bag with icing. Hold bag at a 45° angle to the cookie, and pipe a bead of icing around the edge. Stop…

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Pastry Bag Pointer

Secure the frosting tip and coupler on the pastry bag. Place the tip of the pastry bag in an empty tall glass. Fold the wide opening of the bag halfway over the glass.

Use a spoon to transfer…

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Pastry Cutouts for a Pie Crust

Pastry Cutouts are suitable for a single- or double-crust pie.

To make cutouts, roll out dough to 1/8-in. thickness. Cut out with 1-in. to 1-1/2-in. cookie cutters of desired shape. With a…

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Pastry Shell Prebaking

After placing pastry in the pie plate and fluting edges, line unpricked shell with a double thickness of heavy-duty foil or parchment paper. If desired, fill with dried beans, uncooked rice or pie…

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Patting a Crust into a Pan

Transfer the dough or crumb mixture to a greased pan and spread evenly. Press into the pan, using your fingers. Make sure to go into the corners and along the sides.

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Peeling

Placing your thumbs on the fruit or vegetable, move the blade of a paring or utility knife toward you.

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Peeling a Pearl Onion

In a Dutch oven or large kettle, bring 6 cups water to a boil. Add pearl onions; boil for 3 minutes.

Drain and rinse in cold water; peel and set aside.

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Peeling and Deveining Shrimp

Start on the underside by the head area to remove shell from shrimp. Pull legs and first section of shell to one side. Continue pulling shell up around the top and to the other side. Pull off…

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Peeling Fresh Garlic

Using the blade of a chef's knife, crush garlic clove. Peel away skin. Chop or mince as directed in the recipe.

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Peeling Peaches

Place peaches in a large pot of boiling water for 10-20 seconds or until the skin splits.

Remove with a slotted spoon. Immediately place in an ice water bath to cool the peaches and stop…

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Penalty Flag Party Favors

Take out your frustration by throwing your own penalty flags at the television! Start with squares of inexpensive yellow fabric. Place a mini Styrofoam, ball in the center of each. Wrap the…

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Peppers (hot red)

No instructions available

No instructions available

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Perfect Crepes Every Time

Lift the pan from heat when you add batter. This will keep the batter from cooking too fast and allow it to coat the bottom of the skillet evenly. Tilt the pan quickly to spread batter in a thin…

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Perfectly Shaped Spritz

If you are making spritz cookies for the first time, it may take a little practice with the cookie press to make perfectly shaped cookies.

Just Right

When just the right amount of…

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Phyllo lined tube pan

Spoon into a phyllo-lined fluted tube pan for a weeknight dinner, or wrap sheets of phyllo around the filling for individual packets and impress guests at your next dinner party.

Line tube…

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Pipe Frosting on Cookies

Pipe a bead of icing around the edge of cookies. Then remaining icing if necessary, so that it will flow smoothly. Fill in the cookies with icing, letting the icing flow up to the outline. Let…

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Piping Creates New Spritz Design

Cut a small hole in the corner of a pastry or plastic bag; insert a #32 star pastry tip. Fill the bag with dough. Pipe dough into concentric circles or other shapes 2 inches apart on ungreased…

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Piping Meringue Cookies

Insert a decorating tip that has a large opening into a pastry bag or heavy resealable plastic bag. (If using a plastic bag, first cut a small hole in the corner of the bag.)

Fill the bag…

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Piping Meringue into a Disk

Make meringue according to recipe directions. Cut a small hole in the corner of a pastry or resealable plastic bag. Insert a 1/2-in. round decorating tip (#A1).

Fill bag about half full with…

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Pitting Peaches

Cut peach in half, cutting around the pit and using the indentation as a guide.

Twist halves in opposite directions to separate. Using a sharp knife, loosen and remove pit. Treat cut…

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Plastic-and-Foil-Wrap Method

Plastic-and-Foil-Wrap Method is handy for semisolid foods such as casseroles. Before filling your baking dish, line it with heavy-duty aluminum foil and then with plastic wrap, making sure you…

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Plate of Distinction

IN THE PHOTO above, we used the well-known “You Are Special Today” plate by Waechtersbach. This stunning, signature red plate is a fun, family heir­loom that’s wonderful to have on hand to…

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Plate Painting

Add a touch of elegance to a dessert plate by painting the plate with two sauces.

We put the hot fudge ice cream toping and the strained raspberry sauce from Mini Chocolate-Raspberry Cakes…

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Pleasures of planking

Soak planks in water for 3 to 4 hours. This helps create an aromatic smolder and slows the burning process of the wood. %0d%0a%0d%0aHeat a grill to 375-400°. (If using charcoal, let coals burn…

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Plumping Raisins

Place 1 cup of raisins in a bowl and add 1/2 cup boiling water. Cover with plastic wrap and allow to stand for 10 minutes. Follow specific recipe as to whether the liquid should be drained.

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Poached Pears

In a small saucepan, combine the water, grape juice, apricots, sugar, honey, lemon strip, clove, vanilla bean and seeds (if you don't have a vanilla bean, simply add 1/2 tsp. vanilla to the…

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Poaching An Egg

Break cold eggs, one at a time, into a custard cup, small measuring cup or saucer. Holding the dish close to the simmering liquid’s surface, slip the eggs, one at a time, into the liquid. Cook,…

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Poaching the easy way

Place 2-3 inches of water, milk, tomato juice, broth or other liquid in a large skillet with high sides. Bring to a boil; reduce heat and simmer gently. Break cold eggs, one at a time, into a…

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Poaching Tip

Tools of the trade: Use a fat skimmer or metal spatula to gently lower the salmon (or other food) into the cooking liquid so that it's completely submerged.

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Pocket Napkin Fold

The decorative design of the Pocket Napkin Fold creates a pretty place in which you can tuck in flowers, eating utensils or small party favors. Start with a cloth napkin folded into a square. (if…

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Pointers to Pockets

When creating the pockets in the pork chops, use a paring knife to make a slit in the chop's fatty side. Cut almost to the other side but not through the chop. Spoon the stuffing mixture into the…

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Poke Cake

Pour cooled berry gelatin mixture over each poked cake layer to create a colorful effect.

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Popcorn Witch

With hands dipped in cold water, shape 2 cups of popcorn into a 6-inch heart about 1/2 inch thick on a covered board. For toes, insert 10 pieces of candy corn around rounded edges of…

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Pot Roast Doneness Test

Pot roasts are done when a long-handled fork can be inserted into the thickest part of the roast easily. If the pot roast is cooked until it falls apart, the meat is actually overcooked and will…

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Poultry Tips

A 3-1/2-pound whole chicken will yield about 3 cups of diced cooked chicken.

If you don't plan to stuff a whole chicken or turkey place 1 to 2 cups total of chopped celery, carrot and…

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Pour Salted Soft Caramels

By using candy cups, you eliminate the chore of individually wrapping each caramel in waxed paper or plastic wrap. Pour the hot caramel into cups that are coated with cooking spray. Top as…

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Prebaking a Pastry Shell

After placing pastry in the pie plate and fluting edges, line unpricked shell with a double thickness of heavy-duty foil. If desired, fill with dried beans, uncooked rice or pie weights. The…

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Prepare an Omelet

Crack eggs into a bowl. Whisk or beat together 1 tablespoon of water per egg with a pinch of salt and pepper. Melt butter in a nonstick skillet over medium-high heat until hot and foamy. Tilt…

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Preparing a Cake Pan

Grease the sides and bottom of the pan by spreading shortening with a paper towel over the interior of the pan.

Sprinkle 1 to 2 tablespoons of flour into the greased pan; tilt the pan to…

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Preparing a Cooked Filling

Combine flour and milk in a heavy saucepan until smooth. Cook, stirring constantly, until thickened. Chill thoroughly, about 1 hour.

In a mixing bowl, beat butter, sugar and vanilla until…

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Preparing a Grill for Direct Heat

For a charcoal grill, spread out the preheated coals in an even layer. For a gas grill, preheat the grill with all the burners on high. Place food on cooking grate, then adjust burners according…

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Preparing a Grill for Indirect Heat

To prepare charcoal grill for indirect heat, bank half of the coals on one side of the grill and the other half on the other side. Place a foil drip pan in the center of the grill, replace the…

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Preparing a Water Bath for Cheesecakes

Using a double thickness of heavy-duty foil, make a 18-in. square. Center springform pan on foil, then tightly mold foil around pan.

Place spring-form pan in a larger pan, such as a larger…

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Preparing Artichokes

Rinse artichokes well. Cut off stem at base of artichoke. Cut 1 in. from the top. With scissors, snip the tip end of each leaf. Remove outer leaves. Rub cut ends of leaves with lemon juice to help…

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Preparing Asparagus

To prepare asparagus, rinse stalks well in cold water. Snap off the stalk ends as far down as they will easily break when gently bent, or cut off the tough white portion. If stalks are large, use…

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Preparing Batter-Dipped Sandwiches

Combine filling ingredients and spread over half the bread slices. Top with remaining bread; set aside. In a shallow bowl, whisk batter ingredients together. Dip both sides of the sandwich into…

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Preparing Brussels Sprouts

Remove any loose or yellowed outer leaves; trim stem end. Rinse sprouts. When cooking brussels sprouts whole, cut an X in the core end with a sharp knife.

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Preparing Chilis

Chili peppers contain a skin irritant called capsaicin. When handling chili peppers, wear rubber or plastic gloves and avoid touching your eyes or face to prevent burning your skin or eyes. Wash…

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Preparing Dried Beans for Cooking

Soak dried beans such as navy, great northern, pinto and kidney beans before cooking. There are two methods for soaking beans - the quick soaking method, which takes a little over an hour and the…

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Preparing Garlic for Roasting

With a sharp knife, cut off the top of each head of garlic, exposing the cloves inside. Place in a small baking dish or place bulb in heavy-duty foil.

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Preparing Hard-cooked Eggs

To prevent cracking, remove eggs from fridge 30 minutes before cooking. Place eggs in a single layer in a large saucepan

Immediately remove pan from heat and cover. The residual heat in the…

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Preparing Leeks

Remove any withered outer leaves. Trim root end. Cut off and discard the green upper leaves at the point where the pale green becomes dark green. Leeks often contain sand between their many…

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Preparing Lobster Tail Halves

With a scissors, cut lengthwise through the shell on the underside of the lobster to expose the meat.

Cut the tail in half lengthwise with a sharp knife.

Place lobster tail halves cut…

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Preparing Mushrooms

Gently remove dirt by rubbing with a mushroom brush or wipe mushrooms with a damp paper towel. Or quickly rinse under cold water, drain and pat dry with paper towels. Do not peel mushrooms. Trim…

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Preparing Mushrooms for Stuffing

To prepare mushrooms for stuffing, hold the mushroom cap in one hand and grab the stem with the other hand. Twist to snap off the stem; place caps on a greased baking sheet. Mince or finely chop…

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Preparing Pancakes

Use a 1/4-cup measure to pour batter onto a hot griddle or skillet, 5-6 in. apart, making sure to leave enough room between pancakes for expansion.

Turn pancakes over when edges become dry…

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Preparing Papaya

Wash fruit. Slice lengthwise in half. Scoop out seeds. The peppery seeds are edible but are generally discarded.

Peel papaya and slice or cube.

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Preparing Peas

Rinse with cold water. Remove strings if desired. Cut off stem ends. Do not shell. If using raw, blanch before using.

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Preparing Pinwheels

Make a lengthwise cut horizontally through the steak to within 1/2 inch of the opposite side, without cutting through it. Open the meat so that it lies flat. Then flatten with a meat mallet as…

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Preparing Potatoes

Scrub with a vegetable brush under cold water. Remove eyes or sprouts. When working with lots of potatoes, peel and place in cold water to prevent discoloration. Before baking a whole potato,…

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Preparing Salmon Medallions

Using tweezers or small pliers, remove pin bones from salmon by pulling the bones out at an angle.

To debone salmon for rolling, start at one end of the stomach flap and cut between the…

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Preparing Scrambled Eggs

Crack eggs into a bowl. Whisk or beat together 1 tablespoon of milk per egg with a pinch of salt and pepper. In a large nonstick skillet, melt butter over medium heat. Pour in egg mixture. As the…

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Preparing Squash

Wash squash, then pat dry with paper towels. Use a sharp knife to cut in half and scrape out seeds and fibrous strings. Acorn squash can be cut into decorative rings. Generally winter squash is…

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Preparing Stuffed Burgers

Shape 1-1/2 lbs. of ground chuck into eight 3-oz. portions on waxed paper. Press each portion into a 4-in. patty using a fork.

Top four of the patties with an onion slice and shredded…

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Preparing the Oven to Make a Steamy Environment

Position one oven rack in the lowest position. Place oven-safe skillet on that rack and preheat according to recipe directions. Place bread in the oven. Using oven mitts, pull out lower rack and…

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Preparing Tomatoes

Wash and core tomatoes. To remove peel, place tomato in boiling water for 30 seconds. Immediately plunge in ice water.

Remove skin with a sharp paring knife.

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Preparing Vegetables

Preheat your oven to 425°. Cut the vegetables into fairly large pieces, cubes, chunks or thick slices. Toss the vegetables with a little olive oil.

Spread out the vegetables in a heavy…

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Pressing Crumb Mixture for Pie Crust

Press crumb mixture onto the bottom and up the sides of a 9-inch pie plate. A measuring cup keeps hands clean.

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Pretty Poinsettia Display

Snip off several stems from the poinsettia plants and place inside some water-filled bases or bottles. You can help stabilize the stems by adding floral stones to the vase.

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Pretzel Log Cabin

To Assemble Roof: Placed two graham crackers on waxed paper. Cut a small hole in the bottom corner of a pastry bag; insert #10 dot tip if desired (or pipe directly from bag). Fill back two-thirds…

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protect your table with felt

The bottoms of natural stone and ceramic tiles can be rough and may scratch your table. To protect your table's surface, cut craft felt the same size as each tile. Following the manufacturer's…

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Protecting Pastry Edges from Overbrowning

The edges of a pie pastry often brown before the rest of the pie is thoroughly baked. To protect the edges, fold a 12-in. piece of foil in quarters. Place the folded corner toward you. Measure…

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purple people-eater cupcake

Roll out each fruit chew into a 3-in. length. Cut into a long tongue with a rounded end. Press the back of a knife down the middle of the fruit chew to make the crease in the center of the…

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Quick Chocolate Curls

Adding a pretty chocolate garnish to any dessert is a cinch. Use a vegetable peeler to "peel" curls from a solid block of chocolate. To keep the strips intact, allow them to fall gently onto a…

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Rapid Mixing Method for Yeast Breads

In a mixing bowl, combine flour (about 2 cups), sugar, active dry or quick-rise yeast, salt and any seasonings.

In a saucepan, heat liquid ingredients (water, milk, honey, molasses and…

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Raspberry Almond Strips

Roll into a 13-1/2-in. x 2-in. rectangle on an ungreased baking sheet. Using the end of a wooden spoon handle, make a 1/4-in.-deep indentation lengthwise down the center of rectangle. Bake at…

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Reading a Candy Thermometer

For accurate temperature readings, it's important that you have the candy thermometer attached to the side of the saucepan.

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Reading Meat Labels

Meat labels give you a variety of information. The label states the type of meat (beef, pork, veal or lamb), the wholesale cut (loin, rib, shoulder, leg, etc.) and the retail cut (steak, chops,…

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Reading the Label

Meat labels give you a variety of information. The label states the type of meat (beef, pork, veal or lamb), the wholesale cute (loin, rib, shoulder, leg, etc.) and the retail cut (steak, chops,…

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Recycled Coffee Can

Simply wrap a coffee can and its lid with holiday wrapping paper. Attach a vivid-colored rick-rack trim or ribbon around the lid. Tie it all together with a wide bow.

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Refrigerator Cookie Facts

To make refrigerator cookie dough easier to slice, use nuts and fruits that are finely chopped. If the nuts and fruit are too large, the cookie dough may break apart when sliced.

Wrap dough…

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Reheating Coffee Cakes

If you make a coffee cake in advance but want fresh-from-the-oven flavor when you serve it to guests, try this trick. Wrap an unfrosted coffee cake in foil. Reheat at 350° for a few minutes…

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Reindeer Food Party Favor

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.23.

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Removing a Cake from a Pan

Here's a trick that will make it easy to remove a cake from a baking pan. Before adding the batter, grease the pan. Line the bottom only with parchment paper, trimming the paper as needed to fit;…

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Removing an Avocado Pit

Wash avocado. Cut in half lengthwise, cutting around the seed. Twist halves in opposite directions to separate.

Slip a tablespoon under the seed to loosen it from the fruit.

To remove…

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Removing Biscuits from the Pan

Place a large serving platter over the muffin pan.

With hot pads, grasp both the tray and the muffin pan and carefully over.

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Removing Cookies from a Baking Sheet

If cookies seem to crumble when you remove them from the baking sheet, let them cool for 1 to 2 minutes first.

But be aware that if cookies cool too long, they become hard and can break when…

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Removing Core from Cabbage

Cut cabbage in half or quarters. Make a V-shaped cut around core and remove.

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Removing Skin from a Fillet

Use a sharp flexible knife to remove the skin from a fillet. Position the fillet with the tail end closest to you. Starting at the tail end of the fillet, make a small 45° angle cut in the meat…

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Removing Skins from Hazelnuts

You can easily remove skins from shelled hazelnuts and then enrich their flavor by toasting. Spread the nuts in a single layer in a baking pan. Bake at 350° for 10 to 15 minutes or until the…

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Reprocessing Unsealed Jars

If lid does not seal within 24 hours, the product must either be stored in the refrigerator and used within several days or reprocessed. To reprocess:

Remove and discard the lid. The band…

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Retro Christmas Scene

Do you have an assortment of ornaments from decades ago (such as the Shiny Brites) that you dare not hang on the tree in case they fall and break? Don't keep those beautiful baubles under wraps…

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Ribbon Revelry

Begin by glueing a 3-3/4-inch felt circle to the bottom of a 4-inch x 9-inch tall foam cone. Trim coordinating lengths of ribbon into 2- to 5-inch strips. Starting at the bottom of teh cone, pin…

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Ribboned Serving Dish

Place a band of double-sided transparent tape around a straight-sided serving dish. Wrap ribbon around serving dish over tape and tie ribbon ends in a knot. Trim ends.

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Roasting Corn in Foil

Place each ear of husk corn on a 12-in. square piece of heavy-duty foil. Top with a pat of butter and a standard-size ice cube. Wrap each ear tightly and grill as directed.

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Roasting Garlic

Remove the papery oter skin. It tends to flake and burn, and you don't want it in your final product.

Cut off the top of the bulb with a sharp chef's knife. Brush with oil, wrap in foil and…

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Roasting Peppers

Arrange pepper halves skin side up or whole peppers on a broiler pan coated with nonstick cooking spray. Broil on the closest rack position to the heat without the peppers touching the heat…

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Roasting Raw Garlic

Remove the excess papery outer skin from the garlic bulb, but don't peel or separate the cloves. Cut the top off the bulb and drizzle it with about a teaspoon of olive oil. Wrap the bulb in…

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Rocking Horse Cookies

Flip cutouts so their flat sides are up. To assemble, first affix graham crackers to cookies with melted chocolate.

To assemble horses, reheat chips until melted. After the chocolate has…

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Rocky Road Cake Tips

After the cake is frosted, use 1/2 cup miniature marshmallows to outline a 2-inch wide "road" on top.

Lightly press the chocolate kisses, peanuts and miniature marshmallows to evenly…

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roll brandy snaps

While cookies are hot and pliable, gently roll each around a wooden spoon handle. Press to secure

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Rosette rolls

Make dough as directed; divide into 24 portions. Shape into balls; roll each into a 10-inch rope. Bring bottom end up and tuck into center of roll; wrap top end around an tuck under roll. Let…

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Salting Eggplants

Salting an eggplant draws out some of the moisture, giving the flesh a denser texture. This means it will give off less moisture and absorb less fat during cooking. Salting may cut some of the…

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sand dollar place card

You don't have to spend a lot of cash to create attractive place cards for your clam bake. Look for sand dollars about 2 to 4 inches in circumference at the beach or a craft store. Write the name…

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Santa Hat-Topped Truffle

If you thought truffles couldn’t get any cuter, we found a way to dress them up! For an extra-special touch—and to complement the candy’s slight citrus flavor—roll Dark Chocolate Orange Truffles…

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Santa's Workshop Cupcakes

For each beach ball, cut Fruit Roll-Ups into thin oval shapes with pointed ends to resemble the sections of a beach ball. Press the shapes side-by-side, alternating the colors, onto a hard candy…

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Saving Toffee

Sometimes when you make toffee, the ingredients separate during cooking and there is a buttery layer on top and a thicker layer underneath. To save the batch of toffee, add about 1/2 cup hot…

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Savory Stuffed Roast Is Sure to Impress

On a cutting board, slice the pork loin length-wise three-quarters of the way through the meat. Open the slices to lie flat and spoon the filling onto one side. Fold the other side of the roast…

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School Days Place Cards

Use mini chalkboards with guests names printed with white chalk.

Polish green and red apples scatted on table along with yearbooks, old books and lunch boxes to create a perfect school days…

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Scoring and Studding Ham

With a sharp knife, make diagonal cuts in a diamond pattern about 1/2 in. deep in the surface of the ham. Push a whole clove into the point of each diamond.

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Scrambling Eggs

Pour beaten egg mixture into prepared skillet. As eggs begin to set, gently move a spatula across the bottom and sides of pan, allowing the uncooked eggs to flow underneath.

Continue to cook…

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Seasoning A Turkey

With your fingers, carefully loosen the skin from both sides of turkey breast. Spread half of the garlic mixture over the meat under the skin.

Smooth skin over meat and secure to underside…

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Seasoning Cast Iron

Cast-iron pans should be seasoned before using to protect the surface and prevent food from sticking. One way to season a cast-iron skillet is to brush the inside with vegetable oil or coat with…

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Secret to Stellar Sauces and Gravies

Season chicken with salt and pepper, then cook in 2 Tbsp. oil. Remove from the pan at 170º and keep warm.

Add mushrooms and saute until tender, then stir in garlic. Carefully pour in wine…

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Secrets for Successful Cookies

Use butter, stick margarine (with at least 80% oil) or shortening. Whipped, tub, soft, liquid or reduced-fat products contain air and water and will produce flat, tough, underbrowned…

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Secrets for Successful Foam Cakes

Measure ingredients accurately, using the measuring tools and techniques as suggested.

When baking foam cakes cakes in tubed pan, set the oven rack in the lowest position.

Preheat oven…

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Sectioning a Citrus Fruit

Cut a thin slice off the bottom and top of the fruit. Rest the fruit, cut side down, on a cutting board. With a sharp paring knife, remove peel and white pith from fruit.

Hold fruit over a…

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Seeding a Cucumber

Peel or score cucumber if desired. Cut lengthwise in half. Using a teaspoon, run the tip under the seeds to loosen and remove.

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Seeding a Tomato

To seed a tomato, cut in half horizontally and remove the stem. Holding a tomato half over a bowl or sink, scrape out seeds with a small spoon or squeeze the tomato to force out the seeds. Then…

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Separating An Egg

Place an egg separator over a custard cup; crack egg into the separator. As each egg is separated, place yolk in another bowl and empty egg whites into a mixing bowl. It’s easier to separate eggs…

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Separating Eggs

Place an egg separator over a custard cup; crack egg into the separator. As each egg is separated, place yolk in another bowl and empty egg whites into a mixing bowl. It's easier to separate eggs…

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Serving and Storing Quick Breads

Serve quick breads (such as banana, zucchini and cranberry) a day after baking because that is when they slice and taste best. Wrap the cooled bread in foil or plastic wrap; leave at room…

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Shallow Boiling

Place 1 to 2 in. of water in a sauce pan or skillet and lightly salt if desired. Bring to a boil. Add the vegetables. Cook for the time given in the Vegetable Cooking Chart or recipe or until…

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Shaping a Braided Edge Pie Crust

A Braided Edge is suitable for a single-crust pie. Make enough pastry for a double crust. Line a 9-in. pie plate with the bottom crust and trim the pastry even with the edge of the…

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Shaping a Cheese Ball

Keep hands and countertop clean by spooning the cheese mixture onto a piece of plastic wrap. Working from the underside of the wrap, pat the mixture into a ball. Complete recipe as directed.

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Shaping a Coffee Cake Ring

Roll into a rectangle. Spread filling evenly over dough to within 1/2 in. of edges. Roll up jelly-roll style, starting with a long side; pinch seam to seal.

Place seam side down on greased…

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Shaping a Cut Scalloped Edge Pie Crust

A Cut Scalloped Edge is suitable for a single-crust pie. Line a 9-in. pie plate with the bottom crust and trim the pastry even with the edge of the plate.

Hold a teaspoon or tablespoon…

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Shaping a Fluted Edge Pie Crust

A Fluted Edge is suitable for a single- or double-crust pie.

The pastry should be trimmed to 1/2 in. beyond the rim of the pie plate for a single-crust pie and 1 in. for a double-crust pie.…

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Shaping a Lattice Top Pie Crust

A Lattice Top is suitable for a double-crust pie. Line a 9-in. pie plate with the bottom crust and trim the pastry to 1 in. beyond the edge of plate.

Roll out remaining dough into a 12-in.…

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Shaping a Leaf Trim Edge Pie Crust

A Leaf Trim is suitable for a single-crust pie. Make enough pastry for a double crust. Line a 9-in. pie plate with the bottom crust and trim the pastry even with the edge of the plate. Roll out…

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Shaping a Pan Bread

To easily shape a round loaf of bread, place ball of dough in a greased 9-in. round baking pan. Flatten into a 6- or 7-in. circle.

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Shaping a Peanut Butter Cookie

Peanut butter cookie dough is generally a stiff dough and needs to be flattened before baking. Using a floured fork, press the ball of dough until 3/8 in. thick. Press again across the lines to…

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Shaping a Rope Edge Pie Crust

A Rope Edge is suitable for a single- or double-crust pie.

The pastry should be trimmed to 1/2 in. beyond the rim of the pie plate for a single-crust pie and 1 in. for a double-crust pie.…

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Shaping a Ruffle Edge Pie Crust

A Ruffle Edge is suitable for a single- or double-crust pie.

The pastry should be trimmed to 1/2 in. beyond the rim of the pie plate for a single-crust pie and 1 in. for a double-crust pie.…

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Shaping Bagels

Shape dough into balls. Push your thumb through the center of the dough, forming a 1-in. hole.

Stretch and shape dough to form an even ring.

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Shaping Bear Claws

Roll dough into a 12-in. square, then cut each square into three 12-in. x 4-in. strips.

Spread 2 tablespoons of filling down the center of each strip to within 1 in. long edge. Fold…

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Shaping Breadsticks

Divide dough as recipe directs. Shape each piece into a ball. Roll each ball back and forth with both hands until they are shaped into a rope.

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Shaping Cabbage Rolls

Place head of cabbage in boiling water just until outer leaves begin to loosen. Remove cabbage from water and remove leaves that come off easily. Place cabbage back in water if more leaves are…

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Shaping Candy Cane Coffee Cake

Starting at one end, fold strips alternately at an angle across the filling. Seal ends.

Curve one end to form a candy cane.

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Shaping Cickaritos

Prepare the filling and chill. Roll half the pastry into a 12-in. x 9-in. rectangle. Cut large rectangle into nine small rectangles. Place about 2 tablespoons filling on each rectangle.

Wet…

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Shaping Cinnamon Rolls and Sticky Buns

Roll dough into a rectangle. Spread or brush with butter; sprinkle with filling. Roll up, starting from a long end, and pinch seam to seal.

Slice into rolls. Place cut side down in a…

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Shaping Cookie Dough into Balls

Roll the dough between your palms until it forms a ball. A 1-in. ball requires about 2 teaspoons of dough. If the dough is sticky, you can refrigerate it until it is easy to handle, lightly…

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Shaping Cookie Dough into Pretzels

1. Take a 10-in. cookie dough rope and make a circle with about 2 inches of each end overlapping. 2. Taper ends and twist where they overlap. 3. Flip the twisted ends over the circle; place ends…

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Shaping Dinner Rolls

Plain Rolls

Divide dough into equal pieces as recipe directs. Shape each piece into a ball, pulling edges under the smooth top. Place 1 in. to 2 in. apart on greased baking sheets. For…

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Shaping Drop Biscuits

Drop dough from a tablespoon or 1/4 cup measure onto a greased baking sheet. Use a rubber spatula, knife or another spoon to push the dough off of the spoon.

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Shaping Fruit-Filled Kolachkes

Roll dough into a 15-in. x 10-in. rectangle. Cover with plastic wrap; let rest for 10 minutes. Cut dough into 24 squares.

Place a heaping teaspoonful of filling in the center of each square.…

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shaping pancakes

We used a plastic squirt bottle to quickly create these cute cakes

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Shaping Scones

When preparing homemade scones, shape the dough into a circle on a floured surface. Cut it into wedges with a sharp knife.

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Shelling Peas

Wash pods in cool water. Snap off stem end and pull string down. Open pod by running your thumb down the length of the seam and loosening the peas. Rinse peas before cooking.

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Shredding Cabbage

To shred cabbage by hand, cut cabbage into wedges. Place cut side down on a cutting board. With a large sharp knife, cut into thin slices.

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Shredding Meat for Sandwiches

Remove cooked meat from pan with a slotted spoon if necessary. Reserve cooking liquid if called for. Place meat in a shallow pan. With two forks, pull meat into thing shreds. Return shredded meat…

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shucking hard-shell clams

Scrub under cold running water with a stiff brush. Place on a tray and refrigerate for 30 minutes. They will be easier to open. Protect your hand by placing the clam in a clean kitchen towel with…

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silver screen swag bags

Purchase star-studded cellophane bags online or at a party store. For an even more formal feel, look for velvet drawstring bags. Beauty Loot. Pamper your VIPs (Very Important Partygoers) in…

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Simple Frosting Finishes

Peaks

Smooth frosting over top and sides of cake. With an icing spatula or small flat metal spatula, press a flat side of the spatula tip in frosting and pull straight up, forming a peak.…

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Simple Spring Centerpiece

For text see HCA_2008, p.159.

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Simply Stunning Hurricane Vase

Place a hurricane vase in the center of a candle wreath. Add a few berry sprigs to the candle wreath for accents. Place a candle inside the vase. With remaining berry sprigs, form a wreath around…

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Skimming Foam from Jellies and Jams

Remove kettle from the hear and skim of foam with a large spoon. Proceed with recipe.

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Skimming The Fat

Remove the turkey from the roasting bag; let stand. Place bag drippings into a heat-resistant measuring cup. Skim fat using a spoon or ladle.

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Slice Meat Against the Grain

To slice boneless roasts, slice the meat vertically across the grain into 1/4-in. to 1/2-in. slices. If the roast is tied, remove the string as you carve to help hold the roast together.

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slice roast beef

To slice boneless roasts, slice the meat vertically across the grain into 1/4-in. to 1/2-in. slices. If the roast is tied, remove the string as you carve to help hold the roast together.

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Slicing Boneless Roasts

To slice boneless roasts, slice the meat vertically across the grain into 1/4-in. to 1/2-in. slices. If the roast is tied, remove the string as you carve to help hold the roast together.

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Snip. Snap. Simple! (Parsley)

Here's a simple trimming tip. Don't clean up a cutting board! Simply place parsley in a small glass container and snip sprigs with kitchen shears until minced.

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Snipping Fresh Herbs

Hold herbs over a small bowl and make 1/8-in to 1/4-in. cuts with a kitchen shears.

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Snowball Centerpiece

Keep guests guessing why these “snowballs” aren’t melting as fast as Frosty! For added fun, display them in an attractive ice bowl.

ICE BOWL:

1-quart and 2-1/2-quart freezer-safe glass…

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Snowflake Invitation

Send out a warm welcome to your cool gathering! Fold a 5-in. x 7-in. piece of white paper in half crosswise to make a 3-1/2-inch x 5-inch piece. (This is the minimum size the post office will…

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Special Occasion Napkin Fold

Starting at the short end, fold the napkin into 1-inch accordion pleats, stopping about 4 inches from the opposite end. Make sure the fold of the last pleat is at the bottom edge and all the…

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Spinning a Spiderweb Garnish

Carefully drizzle syrup over outlines in the pattern of a web. Cool completely.

Pipe 1-inch spiders onto parchment paper or foil; cool. Attach spiders to webs with remaining melted…

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Splitting Cakes into Layers

Using a ruler, mark the center of the side of the cake with a toothpick. Continue inserting toothpicks around the cake. Using the toothpicks as a guide, cut the cake horizontally in half with a…

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Spoon-Swirl Technique

to decorate your cake with graceful swirls, all you need is the tip of a spoon. to apply, scoop a generous amount of frosting onto the back of the spoon. Place the spoon on the cake with its tip…

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Squeezing Spinach Dry

Drain spinach in a colander. If spinach was cooked, allow to cool. With clean hands, squeeze the water out of the spinach.

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St. Nick Cupcakes - face & hat

For the Santa and elf cupcakes, draw the facial features onto paper and place waxed paper over it. Using candy coating, pipe the facial features onto the waxed paper following the drawings…

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St. Nick Cupcakes - hat only

For each hat, roll out softened Starburst candies to a 1/8-inch thickness and cut out a triangle. Form the triangle into a cone and gently shape the cone into a hat around a small ball of plastic…

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Stained Glass Cookie

Place cutout cookie dough on foil-lined baking sheets. Cut out and remove centers of each. Carefully fill the centers with crushed hard candy.

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Star Shaped Candle

Dampen sand 4-5 in. deep in a bucket, a sturdy cardboard box or a sandbox. Dig out a star shape 7-8 in. across and 2-3 in. deep. Make a small, shallow circle in the center to help the finished…

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Stars in Seconds

Lightly coat a microwave-safe bowl and th inside of a 2-inch metal star-shaped cookie cutter with cooking spray. Put cutter on a silicone mat or baking sheet lined with foil and coated with…

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Steaming Asparagus in Foil

Place 1 pound of asparagus and 2 tablespoons butter or margarine on a large piece of foil. Bring long edges of foil together and fold over to seal. Crimp ends tightly. Place foil packet on a…

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Steaming Bread

For best results with the bread, place a cool roasting rack, a steaming insert or a collapsible steamer basket in the kettle with steamer handle removed, and then set the foil-covered stoneware…

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Stir-Frying Made Simple

Chop and measure all ingredients, keeping them close at hand. Begin by stir-frying the meat, poultry or seafood in a small amount of oil.

When it's cooked through, remove the meat from the…

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Stirring Fudge

Allow the fudge to cool to 110° undisturbed. Agitating the fudge at this stage may cause it to become grainy. Once the fudge reaches 110°, beat it with a clean dry wooden spoon. As you…

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Stocking Utensil Holder

Begin by tracing the stocking onto tracing paper. Pin the pattern to a double layer of quilt batting and cut out stocking with a straight-edge scissors. Remove the pattern and pin the batting…

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Storing Cheesecake

Cover and refrigerate cheesecake for up to 3 days. To freeze, place entire cheesecake or individual slices on a baking sheet and freeze until firm. Wrap in heavy-duty plastic wrap and place in a…

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Storing Coffee Cakes and Sweet Rolls

Cool coffee cake and sweet rolls completely. Place in an airtight container or plastic bag; keep at room temperature for 2 to 3 days. Breads containing perishables items should be refrigerated.…

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Storing Cookies

Allow cookies to cool completely before storing.

Store soft cookies and crisp cookies in separate airtight containers. If stored together, the moisture from the soft cookies will soften the…

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Straining Stock or Broth

Remove meat and bones from stock. Line a colander with a double thickness of cheesecloth; place in a large heat-resistant bowl. Pour stock into colander. Discard vegetables, seasonings and…

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Stuffing a Tenderloin

Cut a lengthwise slit down the center of the tenderloin to within 1/2 in. of bottom.

Open tenderloin so it lies flat. On each half, make another lengthwise slit down the center to within 1/2…

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Stuffing a Turkey

Combine stuffing ingredients as recipe directs. Do not stuff turkey until you’re ready to place it in the oven. Spoon the stuffing loosely into neck cavity.

Pull neck skin over stuffing to…

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Stuffing Bone-In Chicken Breasts

Work fingers under the skin to loosen and form a pocket.

Lightly fill each pocket with the stuffing mixture. Proceed with recipe.

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Stuffing Eggs Using a Pastry Bag

Mash yolks with a fork. Add remaining filling ingredients; mix well. Spoon filling into a pastry bag fitted with a #20 decorating tip. Pipe filling into egg white halves.

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Stuffing Shrimp

When preparing the Mushroom-Stuffed Shrimp, fill each shrimp with about 1 teaspoon stuffing.

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Stuffing, Roasting and Carving a Whole Turkey

Combine stuffing ingredients as recipe directs. Do not stuff turkey until you’re ready to place it in the oven. Spoon the stuffing loosely into neck cavity.

Pull neck skin over stuffing to…

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Success with Spritz Cookies

Be sure your butter or cream cheese is softened before beginning.

Always press cookies onto a cool baking sheet.

Hold the cookie press so that it is upright and toughing the baking…

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Sugar Ghost Cupcake Toppers

Ghosts: Invert two peanut butter cups and stack, securing with a small amount of reserved frosting. Top with a malted milk ball, attaching with frosting. Repeat, forming 24 stacks.

On a work…

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sweet-on-you party favors

Monogrammed Cookies make a tasty take-away treat for guests at a bridal party gathering, engagement party or shower. Decorate the cookies with the couple's monogram. (Put the bride's first initial…

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Swirl Rolls

Combine two dinner rolls into a ball. On a lightly floured surface, roll the ball into a 12-inch rope. Holding one end of the rope, wrap dough in a circle into a greased muffin cup to form a coil…

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Swirling Filling into a Cheesecake

Spoon small amounts of filling to be swirled in a random pattern onto cheesecake batter. Cut through cheesecake batter with a knife to swirl in the filling. Be careful not to draw the blade…

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Tart Tampers Make It Easy

Place a ball of dough into each mini muffin cup. Using firm pressure, push the dough down and up the sides of the cup. If the dough has not moved up the sides of the cup as far as you want, try…

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Tasty Sandwiches

If you enjoy grilled sandwiches, you may want to invest in an electric or stovetop griddle, which will allow you to grill four to six sandwiches at a time.

When assembling sandwiches ahead,…

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Temping Your Turkey

To check the temperature at the end of the roasting time, place a meat thermometer into the thick portion of the inner thigh areas, not touching the bone. The doneness temperature for a whole…

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Tenderizing Ribs

Tenderize ribs so the meat pulls easily from the bones. First, place serving-size portions on a rack in a shallow baking pan. Cover tightly with foil and bake at 350° for 1 hour; drain. Then…

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Terrifying Tombstone

For how-to text see HCA_2008, p.245.

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Testing and Cooling Stirred Custards

To test a stirred custard for doneness, dip a metal spoon into the hot mixture. If the custard coats the back of the spoon, it is sufficiently cooked. If too thin, continue to cook.

Chill…

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Testing Baked Egg Dishes for Doneness

Test egg dishes containing beaten eggs—like quiche, strata or custard—for doneness by inserting a knife near the center of the dish. If the knife comes out clean, the eggs are cooked.

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Testing Bread Pudding for Doneness

Insert a knife near the center of the bread pudding. It's done when the knife comes out clean.

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Testing Burgers for Doneness

Cook beef, pork and lamb burgers to 160°; cook chicken or turkey burgers to 165°. To test for doneness, use tongs to hold burger while inserting instant-read thermometer horizontally from…

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Testing Butter Cakes for Doneness

Insert a toothpick in several spots near the center of the cake. If the toothpick comes out clean, the cake is done.

If the toothpick comes out with crumbs, the cake needs to bake…

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Testing Fish for Doneness

Overcooked fish loses its flavor and becomes tough. As a general guideline, fish is cooked 10 minutes for every inch of thickness.

For fish fillets, check for doneness by inserting a…

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Testing Foam Cakes for Doneness

Foam cakes are done when the top springs back when touched with your finger and the cracks at the top of the cake look and feel dry.

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Testing Grill Temperature

For a covered grill, have the cover down on the grill and open the vent slightly. Insert a grill thermometer through the vent.

For an uncovered grill, check the temperature by…

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The Perfect Chocolate Chip Cookie

The Perfect Chocolate Chip Cookie - ID 191702

More Flour: Combine 1-3/4 cups flour with baking soda and salt.

All Granulated Sugar: Omit brown sugar and mix 1-1/2 cups sugar with…

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Thickening Pan Juices from Braised Beef

Remove meat to a warm serving platter; skim fat from pan juices. Measure juices and transfer to a saucepan. For each cup of juices, combine 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour and 1/3 cup cold water…

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Thyme: Make It Easy

Stripping thyme leaves is cinch. Just hold the top of the sprig and strip downward (against the grain) using your fingers to remove the leaves. This also works with rosemary.

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Tie-Dyed Kite Cookies

A little gel goes a long way in these tie-dyed cookies.

For kites, diamond shapes are perfect, but you could make flowers, too.

Just a quick knot around each Life Saver is all you…

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tile table runner

Head out to tile shops or to discount home improvement stores. Be on the lookout for tiles that you can purchase individually. Select them in varying sizes and styles and in colors that coordinate…

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Tips for Cutout Cookies

Use a light touch when handling the dough; overhandling will cause the cookies to be tough.

For easier handling, refrigerate the dough before rolling. This is especially true if the dough…

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Tips for Cutting Bars and Brownies

With a knife, use a gentle sawing motion. Remove the corner piece first. Then the rest will be easier to remove.

For perfectly sized bars, lay a clean ruler on top of the bars and make cut…

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Tips for Making Drop Cookies

If your mixer begins to strain because the cookie dough is too thick, use a wooden spoon to stir in the last of the flour or ingredients such as nuts, chips or dried fruit.

For even baking,…

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Tips for Making Shaped Cookies

Refrigerate the dough until it is chilled for easier handling. If there is a high butter content in the dough, the heat from your hands can soften the butter in the dough, making it harder to…

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Tips for Stir-Frying

To make it easier to slice the meat into thin strips, partially freeze it before slicing. It takes about 30 minutes in the freezer to partially freeze thin cuts of meat.

Cut and prepare all…

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to cut a whole wing

(1) To cut a whole wing into sections, place it on a cutting board and remove the wing tip by cutting between the joint at the top end of the tip with a sharp knife.

(2) Section the…

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Toasting Nuts and Coconut

To toast nuts or coconut, spread in a 15-in. x 10-in. x 1-in. baking pan. Bake at 350° for 5-10 minutes or until lightly browned, stirring occasionally. Or, spread in a dry nonstick skillet…

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Top Kitchen Herbs

Basil, Chives,Cilantro, Dill Weed, Tarragon, Oregano, Thyme, Parsley, Mint, Rosemary, Sage are some of the most popular Kitchen herbs.

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Topping a Cheesecake with Sour Cream

Sour cream toppings are frequently spread over cheesecakes a few minutes before the end of baking. Remove the cheesecake from oven and let stand for 5 to 15 minutes. Spoon sour cream topping…

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Topping a Pie with Meringue

Spread meringue over hot filling to minimize “weeping” (the watery layer between the meringue and pie filling). Use a small spatula or butter knife to create attractive peaks. Seal meringue to…

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Traditional Mixing Method for Yeast Breads

Heat liquid to 110° to 115°, using a thermometer. Measure liquid and place in a large mixing bowl. Add active dry yeast; stir until dissolved.

Add sugar, salt, fat, eggs (if using)…

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Transfer dough to Dutch Oven

After stirring in remaining bread flour, cover bowl again with plastic wrap and let dough rise for 2 hours. Lightly oil and oven-safe Dutch oven

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Tree Shaped Cheese Spread

You can turn the Spruced-Up Cheese Spread recipe into an appetizing tree and it's simple to do.

The only extra ingredients needed are 1/4 cup of softened cream cheese, 2 teaspoons of milk and…

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Trimming Cilantro

To easily trim cilantro (or flat-leaf parsley) from its stems, hold the bunch, then angle the blade of a chef's knife almost parallel with the stems. With short, downward strokes, shave off the…

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Trimming Green Beans

To trim fresh green beans quickly, simply line up the ends of the beans; then, using a chef's knife, slice several at a time.

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Trimming Kale

You can snip the bottoms of thin, tender kale stems with a kitchen shears. But if the stems are thick, you’ll want to remove them from the leaves completely. Place each leaf on a cutting board,…

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Turkey Dinner Cupcakes

Cut the wheat sticks in half. Soften several caramels in the microwave for no more than 3 seconds. Flatten a caramel slightly and place on one end of a wheat stick in the center of the flattened…

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Turnip Daffodils

Step 1: With a sharp large knife or electric meat slicer, slice turnip into five thin slices, about 1/8 inch thick.

Step 2: Using a paring knife, cut a petal shape from each slice. Use the…

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Turnip Lilies

Step 1: With a sharp knife or electric meat slicer, slice turnip into thin slices, about 1/8 inch thick.

Step 2: Wrap turnip slice around a baby corn and secure with a toothpick. Place in…

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Twist Roll

Make dough as directed; divide into 24 portions. Shape into balls; roll each into 10-inch rope. Fold in half and twist two or three times, holding both ends. Pinch rope ends to seal. Let rise. Top…

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Twist Rolls

On a lightly floured surface, roll each dinner roll into a 12-inch rope. Fold each rope in half and twist ends around each other as shown below. Tuck ends under. Place rolls 2 inches apart on…

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Two Ways To Peel a Kiwifruit

Cut both ends from fruit. Using a spoon, scoop out the flesh.

Cut both ends from fruit. Using a vegetable peeler, peel off fuzzy, brown skin. Cut into slices, wedges or chunks with a…

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Unmolding Gelatin Salads

Loosen the gelatin from the top edge of mold by gently pulling the gelatin away from edge with a moistened finger. Then dip the mold up to its rim in a sink or large pan of warm water for a few…

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Using a Candy Thermometer

Always use a thermometer designed for candy making. It must have a movable clip that’s used to secure it to the side of the pan and to keep the end of the thermometer off the bottom of the pan. Be…

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Using a Cooking Bag

Before adding other ingredients to the oven cooking bag, add at least 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour and support the bag by placing in a baking pan. Tie and slit the bag according to package…

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Using a Grid to Arrange Flowers

Here's how to arrange your long-stemmed roses like a pro.

Place strips of waterproof floral tape parallel to one another across the top of the vase. Then place strips perpendicular to the…

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Using a Steel

Rest the tip of the steel on the work surface. Hold your knife at a 20° angle at the steel. Start with the heel of the blade against the steel and draw the blade up across the steel until…

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Using an Herb Rub

Crush any large herbs. Combine all herbs. Sprinkle mixture over entire roast and rub into the surface of the meat. Roast as directed.

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Using Foil When Making Bars

Bake bars in a foil-lined pan - greasing it according to the recipe's directions. Use the foil to lift bars out of the pan after they've cooled. Then trim the edges and use a ruler to score the…

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Using Measuring Spoons

For dry ingredients such as flour, sugar, or spices, heap the ingredient into the spoon over a canister or waxed paper. With a metal spatula or flat side of a knife, level with the rim of the…

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Washing Berries

To wash berries, place berries a few at a time in a colander in the sink. Gently spray with sink sprayer. Then spread out on paper towels to pat dry.

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Water Goblet Napkin Bouquet

Bring a burst of color to your table by taking two napkins in different colors and making this napkin bouquet.

Layer one napkin on top of the other so that each corner is offset a…

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Ways to Start Charcoal Grills

Pyramid Style
Arrange briquettes in a pyramid in the grill, Pour lighter fuild over briquettes. Recap the fluid and place away from grill. Light briquettes.

Electric…

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Whisking Vinegar and Oil Dressing

Combine all ingredients except oil in a small bowl. Slowly add oil while mixing vigorously with a wire whisk.

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White Christmas Table

To tie into the cool colors of the eye-catching desserts, set a pretty table using white, off-white and silver items.

First lay down a light-colored tablecloth. Choose clear glass, white or…

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white sands centerpiece

First, fish around your cupboards for clear vases in varying sizes and shapes. Then place some sand inside. There are many kinds of sand available, including beach, playground and…

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Wicked Witch Pumpkin

Jolly jack-o’-lanterns are just dandy. But how about adding a touch of terror to your Halloween celebration by crafting a wicked witch pumpkin?

In this photo, we painted a fresh pumpkin with…

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Wine Pairing Place Cards

Base: Use a hot glue gun to hold six wine bottle corks together; let dry. Tie a ribbon around the base if desired.

Place Cards: Hand-write or use a computer to list the appetizers you're…

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Witch's Broom Party Favor

11-inch length of 1/4-inch wooden dowel

Acrylic craft paints—orange, green, purple and white Small flat paintbrush

Wrapped candy

Small orange and green paper bags (ours measured 3-1/2…

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Wrapping a Gift Basket

Measure and cut a circle of nylon netting or fabric large enough to cover the outside of your assembled gift basket, adding about 4 inches of material to gather at the top. If one piece of…

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Wrapping Scallops

Using a vegetable peeler or metal cheese slicer, cut zucchini into very thin lengthwise strips. Drain and discard marinade. Wrap a zucchini strip around each scallop. Secure by threading where the…

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Zesty Lemon Granita

Granitas, or ices, are simple to make and don't require an ice cream freezer. The mixture of water, sugar and a liquid flavoring needs to be scraped often as it freezes to produce its…

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Zippier Microwave Popcorn

You can spice up regular microwave popcorn by sprinkling in a bit of cayenne pepper. Then refold the bag and shake well to distribute the flavor.

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