All About Oranges
Oranges are classified into grades: U.S. Fancy (the best) and U.S. No. 1. Pick citrus fruits that feel heavy for their size; they're bound to be the juiciest. The best picks will also be firm and smooth to the touch and have brightly colored peels.
Citrus fruit can be stored at room temperature for about two to three days. Fruits in your fridge's crisper drawer will keep about two to three weeks.
When grating citrus zest, note the white layer called the pith, is bitter. You can freeze the zest to save for other uses.
You can freeze the juice. Juice the orange and freeze it in an ice cube tray. (Valencias are best for juicing.) Measure 1 Tbsp. juice into each compartment of your tray. Place frozen cubes in a resealable bag to freeze.
Do the math. One medium orange equals 1/3 to 1/2 cup juice, 4 tsp. peel.
Mandarin oranges are loose-skinned and are sweet. They are best for snacking, in salads, desserts and main dishes.
The navel is a sweet orange that is best for snacking and juicing.
The valencia is a sweet orange that is very juicy. It is best for snacking and juicing.
The clementine is a loose-skinned orange that is tangy and sweet. It is best for snacking, in preserves, in desserts and in salads.